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What is the coefficient of performance of this refrigerator?

  1. Oct 19, 2011 #1
    Okay, this is a long post so buckle up (not sure if this counts as Homework Help or not - technically it WAS homework, but now it's basically exam revision).

    I was wondering if anyone would mind helping me with a few physics problems I have? It was originally for a mastering physics assignment due last Monday, but I didn't get around to finishing all of the problems and now I want to understand how to do them for my upcoming physics exam.

    Normally I wouldn't require this great a deal of help - I'm normally incredibly good at physics, I even managed to get high distinctions in our physics course last semester which covered optics, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. Unfortunately thermodynamics seems to be tripping me up a bit, though.

    Some of the problems I had in Mastering Physics are as follows:

    Question 1

    I tried going:

    Efficiency = 1 - Qc/Qh, or 1 - Tc/Th with efficiency as 0.80, and then subbing in (pV/nR)cold and (pV/nR)hot for Tc/h but I'm not sure I approaching the problem right. I didn't finish this question.

    Question 2

    This entire question is making me angry at myself. I've always been good at physics but just messing this whole last mastering physics up demoralized me greatly. Any help on any of the problems for that question would be greatly appreciated.

    Question 3

    Got 0% for that problem. Tried using Q = mcΔT with ΔT as both 40 degrees AND 20 degrees and then relating it to COP = Qc/Qh-Qc, but that got me nowhere. Help on working through it would be appreciated.

    Question 4

    Despite having got the first answer correct (10.0 kJ), upon explaining to a friend how to work through the same problem he used the exact same steps as myself (with different values of course) and Mastering Physics said his answer was wrong. I'm a bit concerned that I fluked the answer after that. My steps were:

    1) Convert 3000 rpm to cycles per second (3000/60 = 50 cycles/sec or 50 rps if you will).

    2) Divide the output (500 kW or 500 kJ/s) by how many cycles there are per second (which when I look at the units should equal kJ/cycle).

    Again - I got the question correct with these two steps, my friend got it wrong.

    Sorry for the long post. I'd be happy for any help at all, even if its only one one sub question.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 19, 2011 #2
    Anyone? Like I said, even help with one of the sub questions would be really appreciated (especially the last one - I can't see why I got it correct, but my friend didn't).
     
  4. Oct 20, 2011 #3

    Andrew Mason

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    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Look up the equation for the efficiency of an ideal Brayton cycle. Set that to .8 and determine what P2/P1 is (using [itex]\gamma=C_p/C_v = ??[/itex] for a diatomic gas such as air).
    b)Use COP = Qc/W (= Tc/(Th - Tc) = 253/50 = 5.06)

    If Qc = 100 J/s what is W?

    c) Since W = Qh-Qc, what is Qh? (using the W you determined in b))
    You have to take into account the latent heat of fusion of water and the heat capacity of ice (it is different than the heat capacity of liquid water).
    You have found the work per cycle, W. Efficiency = output/input = W/Qh

    So if efficiency = .4 what is Qh?

    AM
     
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