# What is this version of the wave equation?

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1. Oct 28, 2015

### girlinphysics

I came across this expression for the wave equation:

$$\nabla^2E + \mu\sigma\frac{\partial{E}}{\partial{t}} - \frac{n^2}{c^2}\frac{\partial{E}}{\partial{t^2}} = 0$$

My question is what kind of medium is it for/where did it come from?

2. Oct 28, 2015

### Chandra Prayaga

That is the equation of an electromagnetic wave passing through a conducting medium. You wrote the last term wrong. It should be the second derivative of the electric field. You will see it in any book on classical electrodynamics.

3. Oct 28, 2015

### girlinphysics

Where does the refractive index come from?

4. Oct 28, 2015

### Chandra Prayaga

The medium has a refractive index and a conductivity.