# What power series represents 1/(1+x^2) on (-1,1)

## Homework Statement

Word for word, the book says "Find a power series that represents 1/(1+x^2) on (-1, 1)

## Homework Equations

It's in the chapter that talks about power series, so I think they want me to use the fact that 1/(1-x) is a power series with a=1 and r=x, but if I just substitute in -x^2 for x, that makes chain rule issues. The chapter also talks about term-by-term integration, which confuses me more than little bit.

## The Attempt at a Solution

Uhm... I don't really have much yet. I think this is probably an extremely basic question and I'm just missing some underlying technique or trick to solve it.
I know that the antiderivative of 1/(1+x^2) is arctan(x) of but we don't know the series for arctan(x), so that doesn't really help. The derivative of 1/(1+x^2) is -2x/(1+x^2)^2, which doesn't seem to help either.

Thanks for any help :)

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HallsofIvy
Homework Helper

## Homework Statement

Word for word, the book says "Find a power series that represents 1/(1+x^2) on (-1, 1)

## Homework Equations

It's in the chapter that talks about power series, so I think they want me to use the fact that 1/(1-x) is a power series with a=1 and r=x, but if I just substitute in x^2 for x, that makes power series issues.
What do you mean by "power series issues"? Of course, 1/(1-x), itself, is not a "power series", it is the sum of the geometric series $\sum_{n= 0}^\infty x^n$. And, to make "$1/(1- x)$" look like "$1/(1+x^2)$" replace x by $-x^2$, not just $x^2$.

The chapter also talks about term-by-term integration, which confuses me more than little bit.

## The Attempt at a Solution

Uhm... I don't really have much yet. I think this is probably an extremely basic question and I'm just missing some underlying technique or trick to solve it.
I know that the antiderivative of 1/(1+x^2) is arctan(x) of but we don't know the series for arctan(x), so that doesn't really help. The derivative of 1/(1+x^2) is -2x/(1+x^2)^2, which doesn't seem to help either.

Thanks for any help :)

Last edited by a moderator:
Wow I'm sorry, for "power series issues" I actually meant to type "chain rule issues". Not sure what I was thinking there haha! Multiple bad typos in that, I'll go back and fix them in a second.

I'm not quite understanding your answer - so I CAN just go back and sub in -x^2 (that's what I meant, I swear haha)? And it doesn't matter that x^2 is a different order from x?

Dick