1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Why an antenna cannot receive analogue baseband signal of 0-4000Hz?

  1. Sep 5, 2009 #1
    Modulation is the process of impressing an information bearing signal to a carrier for effective transmission over a long distance. example Am and FM used in radio transmission

    Analogue baseband signals of 0-4000Hz are shifted to 60-64Khz range.

    Communication systems often do not carry signals in baseband (with the exception of local loop)

    Wavelength of a radio wave in free space is the speed of light/the frequency.

    That means a 4KHz voice signal has a wave length of 75000m (300000/4). We cant possibly make an antenna to receive such signals

    Why an antenna cannot receive analogue baseband signal of 0-4000Hz?
    I heard we need a very large antenna to receive analogue baseband signal of 0-4000Hz? why?
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 6, 2009 #2


    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    If you want to send out a signal a 4 KHz, then yes, for the most part we can't make a resonant antenna due to the size constraints (but take a look at the naval ELF submarine antennas). However, by modulating the frequency at a much higher carrier frequency, then we only need to receive at the carrier frequency. So if the carrier frequency is say 62 KHz, then we can design an antenna, but it will still be friggin huge. I think MHz would be a better starting band for carrier frequencies as we have seen with radio and television standards.
  4. Sep 6, 2009 #3
    You have to have an antenna to detect or receive electromagnetic radiation and information carried by it. A receiving antenna can be a piece of wire, or even your own finger.

    Pull out your Sound Blaster plug and rub the tip with a finger. You should be able to hear mains noise in your loudspeakers.

    An other way of demonstrating this is touching an oscilloscope probe tip with your finger. You should be able to see mains frequency and much more.

    How much voltage your antenna generates, depends on the field strength and the size and shape of the antenna.
  5. Sep 6, 2009 #4
    Thanks for the explanation.
  6. Sep 7, 2009 #5

    Andy Resnick

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Education Advisor

    Another way may be to note that in antenna design, making the frequency spread [tex]\Delta\omega/\omega[/tex] small makes the design easier to implement.
  7. Sep 8, 2009 #6
    i see, thanks for the information.
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook