Why is W(VI) more stable than Cr(VI)

  1. I'm not sure why Chromium(VI) is reducing and Tungsten(VI) isn't. I also noticed their radius is quite similar. Is that related?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. DrDu

    DrDu 4,189
    Science Advisor

    I think it is due to the d-orbitals in Cr being the first ones (3d) they don't have to be orthogonal to inner shells and are therefore relatively more strongly bound than 4d or 5d orbitals in the higher periods. Similar trends can be observed in the other groups, too, e.g. V vs. Nb or Ta, Fe vs Ru or Os.
     
  4. So the (3d) orbitals in Tungsten are potentially higher? Is it due to (s) orbitals core repulsion?
     
  5. DrDu

    DrDu 4,189
    Science Advisor

    Of course not the 3d orbitals in tungsten, but the 5d orbitals.
    If you want to view this as the result of a repulsion, it is rather 3d and 4d Pauli repulsion.
     
  6. Ok, could you place here some links... because it's better if I read something for first. The only phenomenon I'm aware of is (ns) orbital energy fall due to Pauli repulsion, and obviously this isn't the entirely same thing.
     
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