Why is it that a static electric field will exert a force on a stationary charged particle but a magnetic field from a permanent magnet will not? I am somewhat confused by this because the magnetic field in a permanent magnet is the result of spin charge polarisation which must generate closed electric field lines which wraparound the bar magnet at right angles to the magnetic field. If we think about an electromagnetic we have electrons flowing through a wire so there is charge which must generate electric field lines again at right angles to the magnetic field. why is it these electric field lines exert no force on a stationary charged particle? What's different about the nature of these electric fields that one will exert a force on a stationary charged particle but the other wont?