Boxes on Ramps (forces)


by jarny
Tags: boxes, forces, ramps
jarny
jarny is offline
#1
Feb14-09, 12:11 AM
P: 15
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

I have two questions:

1. Let the mass of the block be 8.2 kg and the angle θ be 37. Find (a) the tension in the cord and (b) the normal force acting on the block. (c) If the cord is cut, find the magnitude of the block's acceleration.

2.In the figure, a crate of mass m = 104 kg is pushed at a constant speed up a frictionless ramp (θ = 29) by a horizontal force f-> . The positive direction of an x axis is up the ramp, and the positive direction of a y axis is perpendicular to the ramp. (a) What is the magnitude of f-> ? (b) What is the magnitude of the normal force on the crate?



2. Relevant equations

F_net=ma
Maybe T-m*g*sin(theta)=ma


3. The attempt at a solution

Ok, for 1.a. I used 8.2kg*9.8m/s^2*cos(29)=48.3619N to find the tension on the cord. For b I used 8.2*9.8*sin(29)=64.1783N. For 3. I am having trouble because my T and mgsintheta are the same.

For 2a. I used 104kg*9.8m/s^2tan(29) to get 564.92N and for B is got 1019N*cos(29) but the computer says this is wrong. The only one I got right was 2.a, 1.a and 1.b were revised so they might be right.



Can anyone help? Thank you very much
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LowlyPion
LowlyPion is offline
#2
Feb14-09, 12:33 AM
HW Helper
P: 5,346
Welcome to PF.

What is the diagram of the problems you are solving.
jarny
jarny is offline
#3
Feb14-09, 12:54 AM
P: 15
thank you for the welcome. I am not near my scanner at the moment but let me try

[IMG]http://edugen.wiley.com/edugen/cours...5/fig05_18.gif[/IMG] problem 1
http://edugen.wiley.com/edugen/cours...qu/c05/q32.jpg problem 2

LowlyPion
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#4
Feb14-09, 10:15 AM
HW Helper
P: 5,346

Boxes on Ramps (forces)


1)The force component of gravity pointing down the ramp is sinθ.

Hence the Tension to off set that in the direction up the ramp is m*g*sinθ = m*a where a is the answer to your part c.

The Cosθ component of g determines the force normal to the incline.

2) For part b you have two components of force to account for.

From the F you have F*sinθ
From mass and gravity you have m*g*Cosθ


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