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Battery backup.. to a battery supply.

by Dixo
Tags: backup, battery, supply
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Dixo
#1
Mar29-13, 02:36 PM
P: 15
Hi all, I hope you're all well :)

I am shortly going to be fitting a battery operated device outdoors. Due to the power consumption, I will get 2.5 days out of each battery (max - if I'm lucky).

What I would like to do is be able to connect another battery to it before disconnecting the old one for recharging - IE so the system doesn't loose power and have to be rebooted etc.

Can I do this quickly and easily just by using a diode on each positive supply wire?

Many thanks,

Dixo
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gnurf
#2
Mar29-13, 03:02 PM
P: 330
Quote Quote by Dixo View Post
Can I do this quickly and easily just by using a diode on each positive supply wire?
Yes, if you can tolerate the diode drop.
Dixo
#3
Mar29-13, 03:16 PM
P: 15
0.6V right? Should be ok.

Is there a better way?

skeptic2
#4
Mar29-13, 04:25 PM
P: 1,815
Battery backup.. to a battery supply.

If you could find a single pole double throw switch or relay with make before break contacts. Connect each battery to separate switch contacts with the load connected to the armature or center contact. This would avoid the diode drop. If you can't find a make before break switch or relay, a large capacitor may be able to sustain the circuit during the fraction of a second it takes to switch from one battery to the other.
berkeman
#5
Mar29-13, 06:58 PM
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Quote Quote by skeptic2 View Post
If you could find a single pole double throw switch or relay with make before break contacts. Connect each battery to separate switch contacts with the load connected to the armature or center contact. This would avoid the diode drop. If you can't find a make before break switch or relay, a large capacitor may be able to sustain the circuit during the fraction of a second it takes to switch from one battery to the other.
I'd be inclined to use a break-before-make switch, and use the output capacitor to give you the hold-up during the brief switching time. Using a make-before-break switch could give you pretty big spike currents during the switchover, and maybe eventually cause the switch to fail (weld -- yikes).

I'd also recommend that you be sure to include a fuse at the output of each battery, before connecting it to any switches or other things.
NascentOxygen
#6
Mar29-13, 07:10 PM
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Quote Quote by Dixo View Post
Can I do this quickly and easily just by using a diode on each positive supply wire?
Are you able to switch the device to an idle or low-power state before performing the swap? The current demands during the swap-over may be significantly lower, if you can.
Dixo
#7
Mar29-13, 09:00 PM
P: 15
Quote Quote by NascentOxygen View Post
Are you able to switch the device to an idle or low-power state before performing the swap?
Unfortunately not. It's a cctv camera with inbuilt processor and OS etc. It needs to remain powered up at all times hence the question,

I think I'll just go with a double light switch setup so I can switch the new battery on and then the old one off to take it away for a recharge..
berkeman
#8
Mar29-13, 09:42 PM
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Quote Quote by Dixo View Post
Unfortunately not. It's a cctv camera with inbuilt processor and OS etc. It needs to remain powered up at all times hence the question,

I think I'll just go with a double light switch setup so I can switch the new battery on and then the old one off to take it away for a recharge..
Can you estimate the current spike out of the new battery and into the old battery due to their difference in output voltage and their respective internal resistances? You need to be sure that connecting the two different voltage sources won't generate a damaging current...
TurtleMeister
#9
Mar30-13, 07:11 AM
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P: 757
I think I'll just go with a double light switch setup so I can switch the new battery on and then the old one off to take it away for a recharge..
Put a diode in parallel with each switch. When you're ready to swap batteries turn both switches off. When the swap is complete turn them back on.

Also, it might be more convenient to use just one double pole switch.
skeptic2
#10
Mar30-13, 10:02 AM
P: 1,815
What kind of batteries are you using?
Dixo
#11
Mar30-13, 10:29 AM
P: 15
Quote Quote by TurtleMeister View Post
When you're ready to swap batteries turn both switches off.
Erm, the whole idea of this is that I don't need to turn off the device. I simply connect one battery before disconnecting the other.

If I use a double light switch to disconnect each battery, what would be the point of turning them both off and powering down the device?

No offence but you don't seem to understand the issue.
Dixo
#12
Mar30-13, 10:30 AM
P: 15
Quote Quote by skeptic2 View Post
What kind of batteries are you using?
Car batteries. Before you say anything, I'm aware that they're not perfect but they're all I have access to and will have to do.
nsaspook
#13
Mar30-13, 10:31 AM
P: 649
Quote Quote by Dixo View Post
0.6V right? Should be ok.

Is there a better way?

Can I do this quickly and easily just by using a diode on each positive supply wire?
Yes.
Isolate each battery with a low-drop Schottky diode (0.3 volts) and a inline fuse.

http://www.amazon.com/Volt-Schottky-.../dp/B0056RHMCG
TurtleMeister
#14
Mar30-13, 02:31 PM
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P: 757
Quote Quote by Dixo View Post
Erm, the whole idea of this is that I don't need to turn off the device. I simply connect one battery before disconnecting the other.

If I use a double light switch to disconnect each battery, what would be the point of turning them both off and powering down the device?

No offence but you don't seem to understand the issue.
I think you misunderstood my post.



This is the same as your original idea of using two diodes except the switch will eliminate the .6v drop during normal operation. And when swapping batteries it will eliminate the possible large current flow from one battery to the other. Since you said in a previous post:

I think I'll just go with a double light switch setup so I can switch the new battery on and then the old one off to take it away for a recharge..
Why not just stick the diodes in there?
nsaspook
#15
Mar30-13, 03:54 PM
P: 649
Quote Quote by Dixo View Post

I think I'll just go with a double light switch setup so I can switch the new battery on and then the old one off to take it away for a recharge..
If these are small batteries that might not be a problem but anything above a few Ah of capacity can have huge currents flowing from a fully charged battery to the discharged one and can arc a AC power switch easily. You need to use a DC rated switch.

http://www.eaa.org/sportaviationmag/...2_switches.pdf
hisham.i
#16
Apr3-13, 05:26 AM
P: 177
What I would like to do is be able to connect another battery to it before disconnecting the old one for recharging - IE so the system doesn't loose power and have to be rebooted etc.
Do you mean that when the first battery pack is empty you want to connect the new pack and take the empty pack AWAY to charge it?
You can't put a charger on the battery?

Or if you just want to increase the time why you don't put the 2 battery packs in parrallel?
Windadct
#17
Apr3-13, 07:46 AM
P: 564
Turtles idea will work well, you can also look for a changeover switch (SPSO) and have the diodes in parallel with each side of the switch - this will prevent both batteries from being hard connected at any time.
Dixo
#18
Apr3-13, 01:03 PM
P: 15
Quote Quote by TurtleMeister View Post
I think you misunderstood my post.



This is the same as your original idea of using two diodes except the switch will eliminate the .6v drop during normal operation. And when swapping batteries it will eliminate the possible large current flow from one battery to the other. Since you said in a previous post:

Why not just stick the diodes in there?
Actually thats a very good idea now you've explained it that way. I like it. I apologise for being abrupt towards you previously, I didn't think you understood the issue. Clearly you had a better understanding than I realised and you were one step ahead of me. Please accept my sincere apologies.

This is what I'd originally been thinking:


I like your method and now I'm thinking I should go with it. As you can see from mine, it would have dropped about 0.7V from either battery (although using a car battery which is at 13.5v when full that may not be such a bad thing).

Quote Quote by hisham.i View Post
Do you mean that when the first battery pack is empty you want to connect the new pack and take the empty pack AWAY to charge it?
Yes that is correct. When swapping batteries I want to leave the device powered up while I attach the new battery and THEN remove the old battery.

Quote Quote by hisham.i View Post
You can't put a charger on the battery?
No. Re-read my post above. It's an outdoor device and using batteries. This is because I can't use mains electricity in that location so how would I use a charger?

Quote Quote by hisham.i View Post
Or if you just want to increase the time why you don't put the 2 battery packs in parrallel?
Because then I would need two more batteries to put there while recharging the first parallel set. Oh and I don't have a charger suitable for parallel car battery charging.


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