1. ### Engineering Help finding this node voltage

I am given that all the BJTs are the same. First of all, when finding node voltages like Vref should I make the node voltage a voltage source first and then do circuit analysis? If so then I would use KVL but that does not give me Vref = 2Vbe. I do know that Vref = Vb1 = Vb2. What am I doing...
2. ### Finding the CMOS transistor width ratio

Homework Statement Calculate the ration of ##w_p/w_n## if n and p transistors in CMOS inverter necessary for the least delay time ##t_p## if the circuit is used in a chain of circuits. a) What is ##w_p## in that circuit if you're given : b) Calculate the maximum short circuit current if...
3. ### Engineering Problem regarding a transistor state in a NAND circuit

Homework Statement Calculate the output function and draw a graph of output voltage in the function of the input voltage of the following digital circuit: Homework Equations 3. The Attempt at a Solution [/B] By analysis of what happens when inputs A and B are on the logical "1" i have...
4. ### Materials for DTL, TTL circuit analysis

Hi fellow forum-ers :), I have a test in about two weeks where i am gonna be given a dtl or ttl circuit which i have to analyse and calculate its function. The professor said that the circuit given to us will always be a useful and existing one meaning he's gonna give us some NAND, NOR or...
5. ### How to know the duty-cycle of a counter

Homework Statement Consider the following circuit of a counter with a clock signal of 84 kHz As we can see the counter counts down. Show all the states and transitions of this counter and identify all the states using a binary representation. Calculate the frequency and the duty-cycle of the...
6. ### Morse Code project

Homework Statement Hi everyone. I am currently embarking on a Morse Code project which involves building a circuit to display Morse codes, eventually displaying the Morse code with a 7 segment display. I am currently stuck at the first stage as I am not sure of what to do, i.e. what chips to...
7. ### Frame Synchronisation via Modified Approach to Bit Insertion

Homework Statement I am currently embarking on a project which requires me to design a system where I can transmit voice over a distance, by inputting an analog voice signal on one end and then recovering the voice which I input on the transmitting end at the receiving end. The general design...