# Ac coupling and offset voltage in amplifier

1. Sep 12, 2013

### sandy.bridge

Hey all,

Just a question concerning the image I have provided. If I have an offset of 0.1 mV at the non inverting input, how exactly does coupling take effect in this set up? If I input an ac signal, it will pass through the cap, but will the op-amp not still experience the offset voltage?

2. Sep 12, 2013

### meBigGuy

Ignoring input bias current for the moment, a 0.1V offset at the - input means there is a 0.1mv output. That dc offset will always be there. A signal input through C2 will have that DC signal imposed on it.

Think of it this way. The opamp will output whatever is required to maintain 0.1V between + and -. Input bias currents cause a voltage drop across R2, but the effect is the same.

3. Sep 13, 2013

### sandy.bridge

Is it not possible to utilize bypass capacitors such that the offset does not offset the input ac signal?

4. Sep 13, 2013

### analogdesign

No bypass caps don't work that way. meBigGuy is right. Another way to think of it is you have a 0.1mV DC voltage source in front of one of your op amp inputs. How is a bypass cap going to do anything about that?

5. Sep 13, 2013

### sandy.bridge

That's what I figured. There is an example in my book, however, that neglects the offset voltage that is inherent to that particular op-amp. For example, they had a nominal gain of 1000, an offset voltage of 0.03 V, and they asked the maximum input signal that would result in an ouput of 10V peak amplitude. They answered with 0.01V, which does not accout for the dc offset. I found this odd considering the dc offset was given at the beginning of the example. Just thought I would ask in case I was missing something. Thanks.

6. Sep 13, 2013

### analogdesign

No worries. Offsets typically set the real-world limit to the gain you can get out of a closed-loop voltage amplifier. You can do things to cancel them but that adds complexity, of course.

7. Sep 13, 2013

### sandy.bridge

Perfect, thanks again!

8. Sep 14, 2013

### Staff: Mentor

Maybe the OP-AMP was powered by rails of ± 45V?

9. Oct 11, 2013

### sandy.bridge

Here, I will display the question at hand word for word. "A non-inverting amplifier with a closed-loop gain of 1000 is designed using an op-amp having an input offset voltage of 5 mV and output saturation levels of +/-13V. What is the maximum amplitude of the sine wave that can be applied at the input without capacitive coupling and with it?" The figure with capacitive coupling was provided above already.

The answers provided by both the textbook and my professor were 8 mV without coupling, 13 mV with it.

Another question regarding the output voltage due to bias currents for the integrator with feedback resistor $R_f$: my textbook states that the output voltage due to the bias currents is $v_o=R_fI_{OS}$, however, if non-inverting input is grounded, the only current contributing to the output voltage is the bias current entering the inverting node. Hence, $v_o=R_fI_{B^-}$. What exactly am I missing here?

Last edited: Oct 11, 2013
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