# Alternative examples, alternating series test

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1. Oct 22, 2015

### Abscissas

Hey guys, this one is just for funnsies. So when dealing with an alternating series test, 3 requirements must be met, :
Alternating
u(sub n) ≥ u(sub n+1) for all n ≥ N, for some integer N
u(sub n) → 0 as n → ∞.

So I have been coming up with examples where of these are true, and one isnt. A little bit further, im not sure if this makes sense, but is possible to find an example for each where like, one diverges and one converges, or does that not make sense?

2. Oct 22, 2015

### micromass

Staff Emeritus
Come on, come up with some examples yourself first! It's not hard to find some counterexamples! Tell us what you've got already, and I'll help you fill in the parts you don't have.

(By the way, there are not always examples possible where one diverges and one converges. I can see one obvious condition where it wouldn't be the case).

3. Oct 23, 2015

### Abscissas

Oh right! forgot about that, havnt slept in waaayy to long. Alright so i think the sum of ((-1)^2n)/n wouldnt alternate (rule 1) but seems to follow the rest, sum of cos(pi)/n I think would alternate and go to zero. I am thinking the one that your thinking of, which ive had a hunch on, is u(sub n) ≥ u(sub n+1) for all n ≥ N, for some integer N for diverging, but i cant really put it into words or make sense of it,its just a hunch , probably due to my lack of sleep

4. Oct 23, 2015

### micromass

Staff Emeritus
The one I'm thinking of is $u_n \rightarrow 0$. If this is false, can the series ever converge?

Last edited: Oct 23, 2015
5. Oct 23, 2015

### Abscissas

Well, couldn't it converge to someone other than 0?

6. Oct 23, 2015

### Abscissas

also, dont forget that u (Sub n) is in absolute values, sorry forgot to put that

7. Oct 23, 2015

### micromass

Staff Emeritus
Do you know the "divergence test"?

8. Oct 23, 2015

### Abscissas

Right, if it doesnt go to zero then it diverges because of the infinite sums. forgot about that. Yeah so i guess for that one it is impossible

9. Oct 23, 2015

### micromass

Staff Emeritus
OK, so you have $\sum 1/n$ which does not alternate but does satisfy the other conditions. This series does not converge. Do you have one which does converge?

10. Oct 23, 2015

### Abscissas

∑sin(n)/n I think would converge

11. Oct 23, 2015

### Abscissas

never mind it alternates haha

12. Oct 23, 2015

### Abscissas

∑Sin(npi)/n right? because it would keep going to 0s and not alternating

13. Oct 23, 2015

### micromass

Staff Emeritus
Does it alternate? I'm not so sure? Alternating means it gets positive and negative at each turn. Does this do this?

14. Oct 23, 2015

### micromass

Staff Emeritus
You could probably write this easier.

15. Oct 23, 2015

### Abscissas

I just tried to plug it into my calculator and it denied me. My instincts tell me it doesnt. but I put down sin(3pi/4)= negative and sin(3pi/4)= still negative, and before pi its positive

16. Oct 23, 2015

### Abscissas

∑cos/n?

17. Oct 23, 2015

### micromass

Staff Emeritus
Again, doesn't seem alternating to me...

18. Oct 23, 2015

### Abscissas

Hang on, would ∑1/n work? because the absolute value of the next term has to be greater then the last right?

19. Oct 23, 2015

### micromass

Staff Emeritus
Here is one $\sum_n 2^{-n}$.

20. Oct 23, 2015

### micromass

Staff Emeritus
No, the sequence needs to be decreasing. Every next term needs to have smaller absolute value.