What is the difference between an atom and an ion? Ion has net electric charge. So it shows electric property. It acts like a small charged ball. What about an atom? Does it behave as a neutral object? Atom has equal number of protons and electrons bind together in the space. For this it is said to be electrically neutral. But electricity is a vector quantity, so equal number of positive and negetive charges doesn't essentially cancel out the effect of each other. Let's take hydrogen atom for example. It has an electron that is orbiting around a proton. At any instance of time, there is a point between this two charged particle that is neutral (according to couloumb's law). But as a whole this system will have net electric property. So a hydrogen atom should behave like a charged object rather than being neutral. Actually the nature of electric force (static) is such that charges distributed in space (like or unlike), always creates an electric field. So atoms are not electrically neutral at all! Am I right? Please confirm me.