Average Kinetic Energy of Ions after EI in MS?

  • #1

Main Question or Discussion Point

Hello,

From what I've been reading, 70eV electrons are the standard for electron impact ionization in mass spectrometry. I'm trying to get a feel for how much kinetic energy on the average is imparted to an ion. I know this gets complex, when you start talking about multiple fragments, but in just the simplest case, a Hydrogen atom, how much of the remaining 55eV is converted to kinetic energy of the ion? Thanks.

Blake
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
turin
Homework Helper
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Well, I don't know what fraction of the KE of the electron is imparted to the H-ion (proton), but I can tell you that, at only 56 eV available for KE, the proton will not even "feel" it. One complication is that there are two electrons and one proton in the final state (which you alluded to). One consideration is that the smaller particle tends to take the larger portion of the KE. For instance, when M>>m, then the lighter projectile tends to take almost all of the available KE, and the heavier target tends to obtain only a fraction on the order of m/M. In the case of a hydron atom, that is a fraction of only 1/2000. So, I would expect that the proton doesn't even obtain a single eV. For the case of a heavier ion, this is even much smaller.
 

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