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Balun, impedance matching and BPF

  1. Aug 14, 2007 #1

    I need to connect an antenna to a BPF (Band Pass Filter) and this one to a transceiver. The BPF purpose isn't to make matching, is to filter the input/output signals to the desired bandwidth.

    I'm a little confuse and would like you to confirm my ideas, to help I made a sketch:


    The BPF and the BALUN next the transceiver are attached to this one. The other BALUN is attached to the antenna.

    The communication is bidirectional, so the BPF source and load resistance should be the same. If I were using that scheme for reception or transmission only, that BALUN next to the transceiver wouldn't be necessary, I think. But, because it needs to work in the both directions, I have to ensure the source and load resistance are the same, they will "switch their positions" when I switch from RX to TX and vice-versa, so if they are equal, no problem.

    Because the filter, at the antenna side, is connected to a 50 Ohm transmission line, I'm going do design the BPF for a 50 Ohm source and load resistance. This way I need a BALUN between the BPF and the transceiver to match (or maybe this could be achieved with a conventional impedance transformer, perhaps more expensive...)

    Am I thinking correct?

    I had never done anything similar to this, maybe there are simpler and cheaper solutions. I would appreciate very much you feedback.
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 14, 2007 #2


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    Staff: Mentor

    Welcome to the PF, deltaar. It's a great place for questions like the one you are asking.

    I do need to ask, though, why your transceiver has an output impedance of 200 Ohms. Your whole system should be 50 Ohms, including the transceiver TX and RX impedances, and the antenna should also be 50 Ohms. I'm not even sure how a 400 Ohm antenna would be constructed.... What frequency band is this system for, and what antenna topology are you using?
  4. Aug 14, 2007 #3
    Hi berkeman.

    The transceiver works in ShortWave and you can find it here under the name ADTRX1 (see HF SDR transceiver ADTRX1-YU1LM part2.pdf): http://yu1lm.qrpradio.com/homebrew.htm

    I made some calculations (the 74HC4053 resistance is 80 to 180 Ohm at 25ºC, I have used 150 Ohm), I also use 1 MHz to calculate the capacitor impedance and I didn't consider the AMPOP's output impedance (it's low) and I get the value 200 Ohm for the output impedance at TX. For the RX my calculations gave me a smaller value, about 190 Ohm. That's way I said the input/output resistances were 200 Ohm.
    Can you confirm these calculations?

    Maybe I'll use a Beverage or Delta antenna, the first has an impedance of 450 Ohm and the second one 950 Ohm. I didn't decide about the antenna, because those two aren't very practical.
    Or perhaps it's better a 50 Ohm antenna, I have to see this latter...

    By the way, I'm using a BALUN, instead of a LC filter, because of it's much higher bandwidth.

    Thanks, and please keep posting.
  5. Aug 14, 2007 #4


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    Staff: Mentor

    Remember, a Beverage antenna (named after its inventor Harold Beverage -- I kid you not) is primarily for receiving signals, not for transmitting them. It's too lossy to be very useful for transmissions.


    And you are right, it has an input impedance in the range of 470 Ohms! Wow, I knew about 300 Ohm folded dipoles, but didn't realize that feedpoint impedances could get even higher for some antennas.

    In any case, if your antenna does not have a 50 Ohm unbalanced input impedance, then you will place a matching balun between the feedline and the antenna. And if your radio transceiver's antenna output is not 50 Ohms, you will need a matching balun there as well. You have drawn all of that correctly in your sketch.

    Pretty cool SDR link. Have Fun!

    EDIT -- PS, What is your callsign? If you don't want to post it here, just send me a PM. 73.
  6. Aug 15, 2007 #5
    Thanks for answering.

    I'm going to look for a better antenna for transmission.

    About the callsign, I don't have anyone yet...
    Firstly, I'm going to use the radio in the 27 MHz band (CB), which in my country (Portugal) is not necessary to make any amauter radio exam. All I need is to pay a license, but there's no callsign.
    Latter, after I get some experience I'll propose myself to the HAM radio exam, which requires some study and codes practice, then, if I pass, I'll get an HAM license and a callsign.

    I leave here my website link. As soon as I have a callsign I'll update the site with it.
    http://drodrigues.web.simplesnet.pt/ It's a ugly and messy website, but it has been useful (at least for me).

    Best regards.
    Last edited: Aug 15, 2007
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