Below is a snipet from some lecture notes of Britto. Similar explanation can be found in the QFT books of Zee, Schwarz or the Scattering Amplitude text of Huang. Or any other text that covers BCFW recursion. My dumb question: how and why does the residue at this pole take this funny factorization form? (For clarifcation: residue is the just the word QFT people use for the numerator of a rational function with a simple pole, right?) Thank you!