Calculate lattice constant from x-rays

  • Thread starter tibsy
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Homework Statement


When x-rays are diffracted off NaCl, constructive interference is observed at an angle of 16.3 degrees. Determine the lattice constant of NaCl.

Frequency of the X-ray is 1.948 x 10^18 hz
Theta = 16.3 degrees



Homework Equations


(As far as what we're told to use and what's in the book)
2d * Sin (Theta) = m * Lambda


The Attempt at a Solution



After looking through the problem it is very clear that I am unable to find the "lattice constant" from the information given in the book.

I've found the following equations:

1) d = a/sqrt(h2+k2+l2)
2) Lambda/2a= sin 2 Theta/h2+k2+l2

I've tried deriving #2 down to where it is usable and I get:

a2 = (Lambda2/4) * (h2+k2+l2/Sin2 Theta)

I've been unable to figure out what the miller indices are (h k and l), but everything I've tried doesn't get anywhere near the values expected online of 5.63-5.65.

Am I going about this completely wrong or am I just overthinking the problem?

Any help would be much appreciated.
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
turin
Homework Helper
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I don't think you can figure out the Miller indices if you don't know the orientation of the crystal anyway, right? (It's been a while since I took solid state.)

EDIT: I don't get 5.63 (Angstoms?) either (for any value of m).
 
Last edited:

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