I'm kinda just hoping someone can look over my work and tell me if I'm solving the problem correctly. Since my final answer is very messy, I don't trust it.(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

We're asked to find the Fourier series for the following function:

$$

f(\theta)=e^{−\alpha \lvert \theta \rvert}}, \ \ \ \text{for} −\pi<\theta<\pi,

$$

where ##f(\theta + \pi) = f(\theta)##. Except our Fourier series has the form:

$$

f(\theta) = \sum_{-\infty}^{\infty} c_n e^{in\theta}

$$

2. Relevant equations

Variation on Euler:

$$

\cos{\theta} = \frac{1}{2}(e^{i\theta} + e^{-i\theta})

$$

Vector projection:

$$

proj_\vec{v}(\vec{u}) = \frac{\langle\vec{v}, \vec{u}\rangle}{\langle\vec{v}, \vec{v}\rangle}

$$

3. The attempt at a solution

So, supposing ##n## is an Integer, I First realized that every positive ##n## has a negative partner, hence our special Fourier series formula can be rewritten as

$$

\begin{align*}

\sum_{-\infty}^{\infty} c_n e^{in\theta}

& = c_0 + \sum_{-\infty}^{-1} (c_{n^{(-)}} e^{in\theta}) + \sum_{1}^{\infty} (c_{n^{(+)}} e^{in\theta}) \\

& = c_0 + \sum_{-\infty}^{\infty }k_n (e^{in\theta} + e^{-in\theta}) \\

& = \sum_{-\infty}^{\infty} k_n \cos(n\theta) \\

\end{align*}

$$

Where I have used the variation on Euler's Equation (above) and set ##k_n = (c_{n^{(-)}} + c_{n^{(+)}})/2##.

Then using the inner product:

$$

\langle f(x), g(x) \rangle = \int_{-\pi}^{\pi} dx f(x) g(x)

$$

I found that the coefficients should be:

##

\begin{align*}

k_n & = \frac{\langle e^{-\alpha \lvert \theta \rvert}, \cos(n \theta) \rangle}{\langle \cos(n \theta), cos(n \theta)\rangle} \\

& = \frac{\int_{-\pi}^{\pi} e^{-\alpha \lvert \theta \rvert} cos(n \theta)} {\int_{-\pi}^{\pi} cos^2(n \theta)} \\

& = \frac{\int_{0}^{\pi} e^{-\alpha \theta} cos(n \theta)} {\int_{0}^{\pi} cos^2(n \theta)} \ \ \ \ \ (\because \text{all the functions are even}) \\

& = - \frac{4 n (\frac{\alpha \cos(\pi n) - n \sin(\pi n)}{(\alpha^2 + n^2)e^{(\pi \alpha)}} - \frac{\alpha}{\alpha^2 + n^2} )} {2 \pi n + \sin(2 \pi n)} \\

\end{align*}

##

Which is a mess.

I used cosines hoping it would simplify the problem (since they're even and the resulting series starts at 0 instead of ##-\infty##), but it doesn't look like it did much good. So is the method at least right?

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# Homework Help: Coefficients for an exponential Fourier Series

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