# Converting impedence response to electrical conductivity

Hi,

I have a curve, impedance magnitude vs frequency. i would like to convert this curve to electrical conductivity vs time. how can i do that?

f95toli
Gold Member
You can't.
Impedance vs frequency is an AC measurement; meaning the capacitance and inductance (i.e. the reactive contribution) also plays a role. Hence, if you only have the magnitude there is no way to figure out what the conductivity is.
Also, "conductivity vs time" does not make sense; the frequency dependence of the impedance comes from the reactance, not the conductivity.

NascentOxygen
Staff Emeritus
Hi,

I have a curve, impedance magnitude vs frequency. i would like to convert this curve to electrical conductivity vs time. how can i do that?
Perhaps you mean period of the sinusoidal input?

NascentOxygen
Staff Emeritus
What units do you have in mind for "electrical conductivity"?

What units do you have in mind for "electrical conductivity"?
S/m(unit)

anorlunda
Staff Emeritus
Conductivity is the inverse of resistance. It is measures in mhos (reciprocal of ohms). You might also express it as current/voltage, or amps/volts.

Is that what you mean?

We are having trouble understanding your question.

Hi.
Hi,

I have a curve, impedance magnitude vs frequency. i would like to convert this curve to electrical conductivity vs time. how can i do that?
Impedence is the complex number that captures the magnitude and phase of the quotient of the complex numbers of a sinusoidal voltage over a sinusoidal current. The units of impedence are Ohms.

$$v(t) = A \cos( \omega t) \,\, V \rightarrow A \angle{0} \,\, V \\ i(t) = B \cos(\omega t + \phi) \,\, A \rightarrow B \angle{\phi} \,\, A \\ Z_{L} = \dfrac{ A \angle{0} }{ B \angle{\phi} } \,\, \Omega = \dfrac{A}{B} \angle{ - \phi } \,\, \Omega$$
The inverse of this complex number, is admittance. Admittance has the same units as conductance: Siemens $$\,\, S$$
You can convert an impedence to an admittance by taking its reciprocal:
$$\dfrac{1}{Z_{L} } = \dfrac{1 \angle{0} }{ \dfrac{A}{B} \angle{ - \phi } \,\, \Omega} = \dfrac{B}{A}\angle{ \phi } \,\, S = Y_{L}$$
The admittance is simply the quotient of the complex current over voltage.

The units of admittance are Siemens, same as conductance. You can convert the impedence response by taking the reciprocal of the impedence function. But you cannot convert an impedence to a conductance, just that its reciprocal has the same units as conductance. You can them compare the magnitudes.
For example, the impedence of a capacitor can be proven to be:
$$-j \cdot \dfrac{1}{ \omega C} \,\, \Omega$$ Where $$\dfrac{1}{ \omega C } \,\, \Omega$$ is the capacitive reactance.
The reciprocal of capacitive and inductive reactance is called capacitive susceptance $$\dfrac{1}{\dfrac{1}{ \omega C } \Omega } = \omega C \,\, S$$ and inductive susceptance respectively, they have units of Siemens.

As an example, take a series RLC circuit:
$$R + j( \omega L - \dfrac{1}{\omega C} ) \,\, (\Omega) = Z(\omega)$$
The magnitude response is:
$$| Z(\omega)| \,\, \Omega = \sqrt{ {R^2 + ( \omega L - \dfrac{1}{\omega C} )^2} } \,\, (\Omega)$$
Taking the inverse of this:
$$\boxed{|Y(\omega)| S = \dfrac{1}{| Z(\omega)| (\Omega) } = \dfrac{1}{\sqrt{ {R^2 + ( \omega L - \dfrac{1}{\omega C} )^2} } \,\, (\Omega) }}$$
You can convert an impedence function of angular velocity to an admittance function of angular velocity, as stated in my earlier post. To convert it to the time domain is not possible.
The complex numbers that represent current and voltage can indeed be converted to the time domain by multiplying them with the exponential that was factored out previously:

Last edited:
• rrogers
Baluncore
I have a curve, impedance magnitude vs frequency.
Maybe it would help if we knew where the curve data came from?
Why do you need to invert the graph of the data?

NascentOxygen
Staff Emeritus
S/m(unit)
Okay. But there is no length dimension in your impedance data.

I think the best you can do is convert impedance vs frequency to admittance vs period.

Next time please post the curve and more information, it is not right to leave everyone guessing as to your intentions and with zero data provided.
The units you mentioned, Siemens per meter, is this something related to transmission lines?

Maybe it would help if we knew where the curve data came from?
Why do you need to invert the graph of the data?
I want to model a system with a black box. my transfer function is conductivity and i just have Magnitude of impedance vs frequency in different temperature and magnitude of current vs frequency.
I would like how i get to it

Conductivity is the inverse of resistance. It is measures in mhos (reciprocal of ohms). You might also express it as current/voltage, or amps/volts.

Is that what you mean?

We are having trouble understanding your question.

#### Attachments

CWatters
Homework Helper
Gold Member
I want to model a system with a black box. my transfer function is conductivity and i just have Magnitude of impedance vs frequency in different temperature and magnitude of current vs frequency.
I would like how i get to it
Is that...
Output impedance Vs input frequency?
Output current Vs input frequency?

If that's all you have then you can't work out a transfer function ...

Output conductance Vs input conductance.

Baluncore
It seems the two graphs are of different signals. Is one the input, the other the output?
What is the input to the black box? What is the output?
Please provide a block diagram showing inputs, outputs and which signal is swept in frequency.

• Asymptotic and CWatters
CWatters
Homework Helper
Gold Member
What is the system?

What is the system?
The output is conductivity vs time. i have some graphs of the system. 2graphs are attached above. the graphs include: Current vs time, magnitude of current vs frequency, current vs voltage, magnitude of impedance vs frequency and magnitude of current vs temperature.that's all. the graph of current vs time is dependent on temperature.

It seems the two graphs are of different signals. Is one the input, the other the output?
What is the input to the black box? What is the output?
Please provide a block diagram showing inputs, outputs and which signal is swept in frequency.
all graphs are related to a system. temperature, frequency, time are inputs of graphs

f95toli
Gold Member
The output is conductivity vs time. i have some graphs of the system. 2graphs are attached above. the graphs include: Current vs time, magnitude of current vs frequency, current vs voltage, magnitude of impedance vs frequency and magnitude of current vs temperature.that's all. the graph of current vs time is dependent on temperature.

That makes no sense. There is no way to calculate the conductivity using that information. Even if you had a complete description (i.e. including phase information) of your "black box" as a 2-port system you would at the very least need a circuit model (as well as the geometric dimensions of you sample) to calculate a parameter such as conductance.

• Asymptotic
That makes no sense. There is no way to calculate the conductivity using that information. Even if you had a complete description (i.e. including phase information) of your "black box" as a 2-port system you would at the very least need a circuit model (as well as the geometric dimensions of you sample) to calculate a parameter such as conductance.
You mean i should have equivalent circuit of system? how come?

Baluncore
I want to model a system with a black box.
What is the input variable?
What is the output variable?

. my transfer function is conductivity
That does not make sense. You have a frequency swept input and you have an output. The transfer function is the output divided by the input. That might have the same dimensions as conductivity.

Since you have only the magnitude of the complex variables, you have lost the phase or time information. The problem may therefore be insoluble.

Baluncore
There is also confusion here over use of the terms “conductivity” and “conductance”.

Conductivity or “specific conductance” is the reciprocal of electrical resistivity.
Conductivity is a property of a material, independent of geometry or scale.
The SI unit of conductivity is siemens/metre, (S/m), and has dimensions of kg−1⋅m−3⋅s3⋅A2

The conductance, G, of a particular element is the ratio of current through the element divided by the voltage across the element. G = I / V. The unit is siemens or mho and has dimensions of kg−1⋅m−2⋅s3⋅A2

The resistance, R, of a particular element is the ratio of voltage across the element divided by the current through the element. R = V / I. The unit is ohm and has dimensions of kg⋅m2⋅s−3⋅A−2

G = R−1.

CWatters
Homework Helper
Gold Member
The output is conductivity vs time. i have some graphs of the system. 2graphs are attached above. the graphs include: Current vs time, magnitude of current vs frequency, current vs voltage, magnitude of impedance vs frequency and magnitude of current vs temperature.that's all. the graph of current vs time is dependent on temperature.
When I ask "what is the system" I meant is it a production line making something like battery electrodes? Thin film resistors? Chocolate mouse?

There is also confusion here over use of the terms “conductivity” and “conductance”.

Conductivity or “specific conductance” is the reciprocal of electrical resistivity.
Conductivity is a property of a material, independent of geometry or scale.
The SI unit of conductivity is siemens/metre, (S/m), and has dimensions of kg−1⋅m−3⋅s3⋅A2

The conductance, G, of a particular element is the ratio of current through the element divided by the voltage across the element. G = I / V. The unit is siemens or mho and has dimensions of kg−1⋅m−2⋅s3⋅A2

The resistance, R, of a particular element is the ratio of voltage across the element divided by the current through the element. R = V / I. The unit is ohm and has dimensions of kg⋅m2⋅s−3⋅A−2

G = R−1.
I mean electrical coductivity. material properties (S/m), inverse of R

Baluncore
What is the input variable?
What is the output variable?
?

CWatters
Homework Helper
Gold Member
The output is conductivity vs time. i have some graphs of the system. 2graphs are attached above. the graphs include: Current vs time, magnitude of current vs frequency, current vs voltage, magnitude of impedance vs frequency and magnitude of current vs temperature.that's all. the graph of current vs time is dependent on temperature.
If you mean conductance (not conductivity) then it might be possible in two steps...

1) If you have "current vs voltage" you can plot conductance vs current.
2) Then if you have "current vs time" you can plot conductance vs time.

Then if you have the mechanical dimensions you can possibly convert conductance to conductivity.