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Derivation of the kinetic energy equation in terms of distance.

  1. I have seen the derivation of the kinetic energy equation using

    F=M*v'
    and
    E=F*x

    And I can see how this works, however if you try to do this without thinking about velocity, and only thinking about the rate of change of distance, and the rate of change of rate of change of distance, then the derivation doesn't work, as shown below.

    F = Force
    M = Mass
    x = Distance

    Force = mass * acceleration and
    Energy = the integral of force with respect to distance:

    F = M * x''
    E = integral ( F .dx )

    sub F into E = integral ( F .dx )

    E = integral ( M * x'' .dx )
    E = M * integral ( x'' .dx )
    E = M * x'

    Which isn't true. E should equal 0.5*M*(x')^2
    Why does this not work?

    Thanks
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Doc Al

    Staff: Mentor

    How did you get that last step? (Are mixing up dx with dt?)
     
  4. Ahhhhh yes I am. Thankyou! I get this now.
     
  5. In case anyone was wondering

    E = M * integral ( x'' .dx )

    E= M * integral ( d(dx/dt)/dt .dx)

    E = M * integral ( dx/dt .d(dx/dt))

    E= M*0.5*(dx/dt)^2

    E=0.5*M*(x')^2
     
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