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There are (5) 3/8" diameter pipes supplying water at 3500 psi and 4.5 GPM each from 5 separate pumps. These (5) lines connect to a main 1.5" diameter pipe. What is the water pressure in the main pipe?
To calculate pressure in a pipe system, you can use the formula P = F/A, where P is pressure, F is force, and A is the cross-sectional area of the pipe. You can also use the Bernoulli's equation, which takes into account the fluid velocity as well.
The main factors that affect pressure in a pipe system include the fluid flow rate, pipe diameter, pipe length, and the type of fluid being transported. Other factors such as elevation changes, friction, and obstructions in the pipe can also impact pressure.
Pressure in a pipe system can be measured using a pressure gauge, which is typically attached to the pipe at a specific location. The pressure gauge will display the pressure in units such as pounds per square inch (psi) or kilopascals (kPa).
Gauge pressure is the pressure measured relative to atmospheric pressure, while absolute pressure is the total pressure, including atmospheric pressure. Gauge pressure is typically used for measuring pressure in a pipe system, while absolute pressure is used for more precise measurements in scientific and industrial applications.
To ensure accurate pressure readings in a pipe system, it is important to regularly calibrate pressure gauges and use high-quality equipment. It is also important to consider the effects of other factors such as temperature and elevation changes on pressure readings. Additionally, proper installation and maintenance of the pipe system can help ensure accurate pressure readings.