Hello everyone. I have researched from the internet that the drag force equation for projectile motion is either F= C p a v^2 or F= 0.5 C p a v^2. Which one is the correct one? The initial speed I am dealing with is about 20m/s. And what's the value for C for a normal tennis ball. Other sites give too big of a range value for C. Secondly, for calculations, for the vertical component, I need to divide the drag force calculation into 1.when the ball goes up and 2. when the ball goes down. Because in #1, gravity has negative value, and in #2, gravity has positive value. Right? Yet, why many sites i have seen including the posted PDF files on the internet about projectile motion calculation with air resistance just simply generalize the vertical component calculation into 1 equation? Lastly, about the equation a(acceleration vertical component)= -1/m (Fdrag sinX + mg) when the ball travels downward, isn't angle X negative, hence giving the value sinX negative, and consequently positive drag force? And do you have any suggestions for good 'projectile with air resistance' sites? Thank you very much.