# (Easy) Calculus problem dealing with a runner

## Homework Statement

Water is flowing from a major broken water main at the intersection of two streets. The resulting puddle of water is circular and the radius r of the puddle is given by the equation r = 5t feet, where t represents time in seconds elapsed since the main broke.

When the main broke, A runner was 6 miles east and 5000 feet north of the intersection. The runner is due west at 17 feet per second. When will the runner's feet get wet?

## The Attempt at a Solution

Not exactly sure how to solve this problem but here's all I got:

- Triangle, on the x-axis labelled it 31, 680 ft, on the y-axis labelled it 5,000 ft. The hypotenuse is then 32, 072.1437 ft.

- Diffierientiated x^2 + y^2 = r^2 and got 2x dx/dt + 2y dy/dt = 2 r dr/dt

- Looked back at the equation r = 5t, found r' to be 5, so dr/dt =5

- Just pluged the 5 back in like any algebra problem and got

5,000dx/dt + 31,680(-17) = 5(32072.1437)

dx/dt = 139. 784144

Not sure where I went wrong, I plugged the equation back into r = 5t and got 27.95 -- the book says 25.4154041 minutes so there's something wrong here

Alright, well, I'm not sure if I did this the way you were supposed to, but...
I made equations for the locations of both the runner and the water.

For the runner, his x position: x = 31680-17t, and his y position: y = 5000.
Since the water forms a circle, the equation of which is x^2+y^2 = r&2, the water's location can be written as: x^2 + y^2 = (5t)^2 = 25t^2.

You want to find when the runner's position is the same as the edge of the water's position. So, you take the equations for x and y (from the runner) and put them into the equation for the water, giving you: (31680-17t)^2 + (5000)^2 = 25t^2.

With the help of a calculator and after moving all the terms to one side, you get:
264t^2-1077120t+1028622400=0.

Plug those numbers into the quadratic equation and you'll get two answers for t (in seconds). Take the smaller of those two answers (when the runner FIRST gets to the edge of the water) and divide by 60 to get 25.415 minutes.

HallsofIvy