# Egg Drop Project: Honors Physics

• Patrick901
In summary, for the egg drop project, contestants must design a container to protect a raw egg from being dropped. The container must meet specific size and weight requirements and can only be made of certain materials. The competition involves dropping the container from different heights until the egg breaks, with points awarded based on the greatest height achieved and the container's mass. Suggestions for design include using rubber bands, feathers, and a parachute, or creating a spring mechanism with wood and rubber bands. Adding lightweight materials to increase surface area can also help slow the container's descent.
Patrick901
My class has been assigned the egg drop project, and I need some help/info on how to go about it.

Objective: to design a container which will protect a raw egg, when dropped.
Apparatus: 1. Each container must meet the following specifications:
a. Maximum mass- 20g
b. Body size- the container mist fit inside a rectangular box, 6cm*6cm*30 cm
2. The only allowable materials are paper, cardboard, balsa wood, rubber bands, feathers, and glue.
3. Fins and other aerodynamic paraphernalia may be added, which exceed the 6cm*6cm limit, but must fit within a 12cm*12cm box.
4. At no time during the fall may any part of the container have any material exceed the maximum dimensions as outlined above. This allows for parachutes and other wind dragging elements, provided they remain within the 12cm*12cm width and 30cm length maximum throughout the fall.
Competition:
1. Contestants must be able to secure their eggs in the container within 5 minutes. Eggs will be furnished by the teacher. Medium eggs will be used.
2. The container will be dropped from successive heights until breakage occurs. The minimum height a container must survive is 1.5 m.
4. Maximum times between drops will be 5 minutes.
5. The mass of the empty container will be determined before the first drop.
Scoring: Scores will be determined using the following formula:
Points= 100H/mass^2(squared)
H= greatest height, in meters, attained without the breaking of the egg
M= mass,in grams, of the empty container. The exponent places high premium on economy of design.

What putting a pad of rubber bands on the bottom and a parachute which will both slow it down and align it to land on it's bottom

I imagine if you pack it well it could work fine. Use the feathers and pack it.
Another idea would be to make some sort of spring using the wood and rubber bands. According to impulse-momentum change this would lengthen the amount of time over which the contact occurs and thus decrease force.

You could try creating two small planks by attaching 4(ish) paddle pop sticks together along their longest sides, place them in the middle of your box and use rubber bands connected to the outside to have them pull against one another. Just place the egg in between the two planks (the rubber bands should stop it from falling out) and the bands should increase the acceleration time appreciably.
You could also try packing with foam or sawdust or something else lightweight but this might actually decrease the time, you might want to do a few test runs with different designs like this.

And definitely use the ability to add things around your container to maximize the surface area, this will REALLY slow your box down.
Come to think of it you should ask how heavy other people are making theirs, you might be able to find some really lightweight motors to run a propeller on top of your box.

I would recommend starting by researching different designs and materials that have been successful in previous egg drop projects. This will give you a better understanding of what works and what doesn't. Additionally, you can also experiment with different materials and designs on a smaller scale to see their effectiveness in protecting an egg from a fall.

When designing your container, make sure to consider the maximum mass and dimensions outlined in the project guidelines. You can use this information to determine the best materials and design for your container. Keep in mind that the scoring formula places a high premium on economy of design, so try to keep your container as light and compact as possible while still providing enough protection for the egg.

During the competition, make sure to follow the guidelines and time limits set by the teacher. If your egg breaks during a drop, take note of the height it survived and make any necessary repairs within the time limit.

Finally, remember that the egg drop project is not just about winning the competition, but also about learning and applying scientific principles. Take the time to understand the physics behind the project and use that knowledge to improve your design. Good luck!

## 1. What is the purpose of the Egg Drop Project in Honors Physics?

The purpose of the Egg Drop Project in Honors Physics is to apply the principles of physics, such as forces, momentum, and energy, to design a container that will protect a raw egg from cracking when dropped from a specified height.

## 2. What materials are typically used in the Egg Drop Project?

Common materials used in the Egg Drop Project include straws, popsicle sticks, rubber bands, paper cups, balloons, and various types of cushioning materials such as cotton balls, bubble wrap, and foam.

## 3. How is the Egg Drop Project graded in Honors Physics?

The Egg Drop Project is typically graded based on the design of the container, the success of the egg surviving the drop, and a written explanation of the physics principles applied in the design. The project may also be graded on creativity, aesthetics, and teamwork.

## 4. What are some strategies for designing a successful container for the Egg Drop Project?

Some strategies for designing a successful container for the Egg Drop Project include minimizing the impact force on the egg by increasing air resistance, using shock-absorbing materials, and distributing the force over a larger area. Additionally, considering the weight of the container and the egg, as well as the height of the drop, can also impact the success of the design.

## 5. What are some common challenges students face when completing the Egg Drop Project?

Common challenges students face when completing the Egg Drop Project include finding the right balance between weight and strength of the container, securing the egg in place, and accurately predicting the drop height. Additionally, teamwork, time management, and understanding physics principles can also be challenging for some students.

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