I cannot find the answer to my question anywhere on the internet so hopefully someone here will end my long search with the correct answer. It is well known that a single water molecule has a permanent electric dipole which produces a dipole intrinsic electric field. Let's say the dipole is pointing in the x direction.. my question is: what is the direction of this electric field? If there is another water molecule nearby, how will it respond to the dipole electric field of the first molecule? (without taking account of hydrogen bonding, external fields, or any other issues.. it is just a question about the electric field generated by a single water molecule and how it polarizes another molecule).