Electrical question (well, lightning, really)

• DeeZee
In summary, lightning can shoot up, metal or anything else on someone would make it go to that instead, and being in the middle of a thunderstorm is very dangerous.
DeeZee
Can lightning shoot up? Say someone had a device that could fire out lightning, would it shoot upwards or would it come down?
Oh! And if the person had mechanical devices on them, like metal or something, would the lightning be attracted to it?

Lightning goes from the ground to the sky. Lightning is the relay of excess charge between two conductive mediums, such as in any simple capacitor. The only difference is light travels through air, which has a dielectric constant greater than one. It would be attracted to any conductive object, just as any spark or electron "jumping the gap".

So...If a person was using a device or something to shoot lightning up, it would go up, but if they had something on them like metal or a device made of metal, it would go right to that instead? Sorry, I just don't understand all of what you're saying exactly. :|

This is not so simple

The lightning "travels" via a plasmatic "track", which is created by the lightning itself.
This is like with machine that lays the railroad tracks and advances by riding on the last layed railroad tracks and so on...

Once the plasmatic track was defined (the lightning reached the final destignation, the track path can't change and the lightning continue with the same path until the energy discharged...

DeeZee said:
So...If a person was using a device or something to shoot lightning up, it would go up, but if they had something on them like metal or a device made of metal, it would go right to that instead? Sorry, I just don't understand all of what you're saying exactly. :|

Think of path of least resistance - since air is such a poor conductor anything that assists in letting it travel less distance across this poor conductor is the likely spot of origination. That's why things like power line poles, trees, buildings, et cetera are the likely place for it to strike and where lightning rods are located to help divert it around the structure. Not only are they made of metal, they are pointed upward and grounded electrically to assist in their probability of being the place struck.

On the TV show "Mythbusters" they did a test to see if having a metal tongue piercing increased the chance of being struck by lightning and found no real statistical rationale for it. Our bodies are made up of a lot of water and traces of salt and other minerals are in the blood - we're not very perfect insulators and can conduct pretty well at the voltage levels of lightning.

If you are standing in the middle of an open field in a thunderstorm this is very dangerous. Your head is now 5-6ft closer to the clouds making you the path of least resistance. And like the first 2 guys who tried to repeat Franklin's kite experiment and actually ended up with lightning found out, its not a good thing. A set of metal keys in your pocket is not a big concern, getting yourself low to the ground (to avoid becoming a lightning rod) and moving away from a lone tree that is likely to be struck and so on should be the primary concern.

1. What causes lightning?

Lightning is caused by the buildup and discharge of electricity in the atmosphere. When warm air rises and cold air sinks, it creates a separation of positive and negative charges. This separation results in the rapid movement of electrons, creating an electric current that can be seen as a flash of lightning.

2. Is lightning dangerous?

Yes, lightning can be very dangerous. It is estimated that lightning strikes the Earth about 100 times per second, and each bolt can contain up to one billion volts of electricity. This can cause severe damage to buildings and can be fatal to humans and animals.

3. Can lightning strike the same place twice?

Yes, lightning can strike the same place multiple times. In fact, tall structures such as buildings and trees are often struck multiple times during a single storm. This is because these objects provide a direct path for the lightning to travel to the ground.

4. How can I protect myself from lightning?

If you are caught outside during a thunderstorm, seek shelter in a sturdy building or a car. Avoid standing near tall objects such as trees or metal poles. If you are indoors, stay away from windows and avoid using electronics or plumbing during a thunderstorm. It is also important to follow any safety protocols or warnings issued by local authorities.

5. Can lightning be harnessed as a source of electricity?

Yes, lightning can be harnessed as a source of electricity. However, it is not a reliable or practical source of energy due to its unpredictable nature. Scientists are constantly researching ways to safely and effectively capture and use lightning as a renewable energy source.

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