1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Figuring out first day of a month

  1. Apr 4, 2009 #1
    Hey guys!

    Say I have a date. Let's just take todays date 05/04/2009.

    And say I have numbers 0 - 6 corresponding to each day of the week ie. Sunday is 0, Monday is 1 etc.

    From just knowing the day of the date, in this case 5, and that today is a Sunday, is it possible to calculate what the first day of the month was? By using the numbers that correspond to each day, of course.

    So, I'll reiterate: from just knowing that its the 5th and that it's a Sunday (0), is it possible to figure out what the first day of the month was?
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 4, 2009 #2
    Let today be the dth day of the month, and the day of the week be w. The weekday of the first day of the month is the least residue of [tex]w-(d-1)[/tex] mod 7 and in general, the weekday of the kth day is the least residue of [tex]w-(d-k)[/tex] mod 7.
  4. Apr 4, 2009 #3
    I'm confused. If I were to plug the values in for today would they then be "0 - (5+1) % 7". When I calculate this I seem to get -6, which isn't Wednesday. Did I mess up the calculation somewhere?

    EDIT: Just read your edit sorry. Gonna try again.
  5. Apr 4, 2009 #4
    Sorry man but I'm still confused. If I plug in the values for today, for instance, I get -4. Should I be counting from 1 instead of 0 for the days of the week ie. Sunday is 1, Monday is 2 etc?
  6. Apr 5, 2009 #5


    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    -4 = 3 (mod 7).
  7. Apr 5, 2009 #6
    Ah I realise now how to equate it to correspond to the day of the week. If it happens to be below 0, I add 7 and get the result for the number corresponding to the first day of the month.

    Thanks for the help!!
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook