Find Equation of Plane perpendicular to line passing through a point

  1. 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Find an equation for the plane that is perpendicular to the line x = 3t -5, y = 7 - 2t, z = 8 - t, and that passes through the point (1, -1, 2).


    2. Relevant equations
    Equation of a plane: Ax + By + Cz = D
    D = Axo + By0 + Cz0


    3. The attempt at a solution
    I am not sure how to get the line x, y and z into the vector form <A,B,C>
    thinking...
    1 = 3t - 5....t = 2
    -1 = 7 - 2t...t = 4
    2 = 8 - t...t = 6

    But using that in the equation of a plane does not seem to work. A little confused :(
    Answer is : 3x - 2y - z = 3
     
  2. jcsd
  3. rock.freak667

    rock.freak667 6,220
    Homework Helper

    Visually think the line perpendicular to the plane, what does the direction of line and the normal of the plane have in common?


    also if you can put the line in the form

    [tex]\frac{x-a}{p}= \frac{y-b}{q} = \frac{z-c}{r} (=t)[/tex]
     
  4. Okay, well doesn't that mean that the line and the normal vector are 90 degrees in difference?
    I can visualize how they interact.
    I made the symmetric equations...
    x + 5/3 = y - 7/-2 = -z + 8 = t
     
  5. rock.freak667

    rock.freak667 6,220
    Homework Helper

    right so, from this form, look at the form I posted above, <a,b,c> is a point on the line and <p,q,r> is the direction.




    (line)
    |
    |_______________ (plane)
    |
    |
    |
    |
    (line and plane at 90 degrees to each other)

    How does the direction of the line relate to the normal of the plane?
     
    Last edited: Jun 14, 2009
  6. Direction of the line is parallel to the normal of the plane; thus we have the cross-product being equal to zero, which makes sense since the equation of a plane = 0. From here I can use a vector cross-product or do the dot-product, correct?
     
  7. rock.freak667

    rock.freak667 6,220
    Homework Helper

    that is correct.

    But you don't need the cross-product here, since the direction is parallel to the normal, you can use any scale factor*the direction as the normal as the plane. To make things simple, just use the scale factor as one.

    So what would be the normal of the plane? Can you find the equation of a plane given the normal and a point on the plane?
     
  8. The normal is defined by the parameter t in this case, right? So shouldn't the normal vector be <3, -2, -1> ?
    From there...
    n dot-product vector initial point to end point = 0
     
  9. Or using A(x - x_0) + B(y - y_0) + C(z - z_0 = 0
    where the _0 indicates the initial point and x, y, z the ending of the vector..
    3(x - 1) -2(y + 1) - 1(z - 2) = 0
    3x - 3 - 2y - 2 -z + 2 = 0
    3x - 2y - z = 3

    Thank for the help :)
     
  10. rock.freak667

    rock.freak667 6,220
    Homework Helper

    You can just take the direction of line to be normal in this case. If you wanted you could have the normal as <6,-4,-2> or even <30,-20,-10>. You'd still get the same answer in the end.
     
  11. HallsofIvy

    HallsofIvy 40,226
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor

    In other words, what is the equation of a plane with normal vector <3, -2, -1> containing point (1, -1, 2)?
     
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