Find the individual charge (and potential difference?) on each capacitor

  • #1

Homework Statement



Four capacitors are connected as shown in the figure below. (Let C = 18.0 µF.)
26-p-023-alt.gif


Find the equivalent capacitance between points a and b

Calculate the charge on each capacitor, taking ΔVab = 17.0 V

Homework Equations


Q = CΔV

C = Q / ΔV


ΔV1 = ΔV2 = ΔVtot (for parallel capacitors)

Q tot = Q1 + Q2 (charge on parallel capacitors, it says)


ΔVtot = ΔV1 + ΔV2 (for series capacitors)

Q = Q1 = Q2 (charge on series capacitors, it says)



The Attempt at a Solution


The only thing I could solve was the equivalent capacitance across, which is 6 x 10-6

And I broke it up like this (and it's correct):
http://desmond.imageshack.us/Himg213/scaled.php?server=213&filename=prob1m.jpg&res=landing [Broken]


I have NO IDEA at all how to determine the individual charge on each of them, even with the formulas...

I can see ΔV across series is supposed to add up to 17V but no idea how.

Where should I start on that?


Edit: ok used Q = CV for the (20 x 10-6 f) capacitor and got (102 x 10-6 C) because charge is supposed to be the same across series
 
Last edited by a moderator:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
349
1
What you have done so far is correct...now find the total capacitance of the 2 in series.... (You were able to find the equivalent of C and the 3uF in series !!!) then you should be able to get the total charge.
 
Last edited:
  • #3
ok i got them all

you need to just mainly worry about using total charge Q = Q1 = Q2 for series capacitors and V tot = V1 = V2 for parallel capacitors, just to find the individual potentials / charges.

Then you need to work your way down with these and the other two formulas.
 
  • #4
349
1
thats correct !!
 

Related Threads on Find the individual charge (and potential difference?) on each capacitor

  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
64K
Replies
3
Views
1K
Replies
18
Views
1K
Replies
7
Views
3K
Replies
7
Views
9K
Replies
1
Views
2K
Replies
5
Views
2K
Replies
8
Views
5K
Top