Finding electric potential given a cylindrical configuration

  • Thread starter carloz
  • Start date
  • #1
4
0

Homework Statement



You have two concentric cylinders. The inner cylinder has radius a and the external cylinder has radius b. Find the electric potential in the region between the cylinders.

[Hint: The final equation takes the form V(r) = constant1 - constant2 ln(something) ]


Homework Equations



I think:
Gauss's law: [itex]\Phi[/itex]=EA=q/ε
Coulomb's law: E=q/(4πεr^2)

The Attempt at a Solution



I really don't know.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
vela
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Education Advisor
14,846
1,416
Start by finding the electric field E between the two cylinders using Gauss's Law.

How is E related to the potential?
 
  • #3
4
0
Okay

So

EA=q/ε

E=q/(εA)

A=2πrL

dA=2πLdr

dE=q/(ε2πLdr)

E = ∫(limits a and b) q/(ε2πLdr) = q/(ε2πL) ∫(limits a and b) 1/dr

Am I on the right track? If so, how to evaluate ∫(1/dr) ?

Thank you.
 
  • #4
125
0
Do you know the answer to this? I am just learning this material also, so I don't know if I am thinking through it correctly. But the outer shell should be irrelevant as the electric field is going to be zero for any point inside it assuming it is infinitely long, correct? For the electric field at r distance from the center of cylinder with radius a, would its magnitude be λ/(2πεr) (derived with Gauss's law)? If so, you would end up with Δv(r) = v(r) (taking v_i = 0) = λln(a)/(2πε) - λln(r)/(2πε) where a <= r <= b, λ = q/l. But I have no idea if that is correct.
 
  • #5
vela
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Education Advisor
14,846
1,416
Okay

So

EA=q/ε

E=q/(εA)

A=2πrL

dA=2πLdr

dE=q/(ε2πLdr)

E = ∫(limits a and b) q/(ε2πLdr) = q/(ε2πL) ∫(limits a and b) 1/dr

Am I on the right track? If so, how to evaluate ∫(1/dr) ?

Thank you.
No. First off, what's your Gaussian surface and what expression is equal to the amount of charge enclosed in it?
 

Related Threads on Finding electric potential given a cylindrical configuration

Replies
5
Views
3K
Replies
6
Views
3K
Replies
2
Views
1K
Replies
1
Views
13K
Replies
6
Views
3K
Replies
2
Views
232
Replies
7
Views
10K
Replies
5
Views
16K
Replies
9
Views
2K
Top