# FOR loop and array help

1. Dec 4, 2004

Does anyone know of a site that has some problem solving using FOR loops and or Arrays?

2. Dec 4, 2004

### Dr Transport

What language?????

3. Dec 4, 2004

I'm Looking For Something That Is Not Language Specific, But If I Had To Choose A Language Visual Basic Would Be The One. Thx

4. Dec 4, 2004

### dduardo

Staff Emeritus
A for statement does three things:

Assign a starting value to a counter variable
Increments the counter variable by a specified amount
Checks to see if the expression which makes the loop continue holds true

For example in C++:

for( int x = 0; x < 5 ; x++) { some code}

When the computer first enters the for loop the first thing it does is set x to the value 0. Then it checks the condition to see if it should enter the loop. Since x which is equal to 0 is in fact less than 5 it executes some code. When it finishes it increments x by 1 and then checks to see if the condition still holds. If it does it executes some code, increments x by 1 and checks to see if the condition still holds. This basic sequence happens over and over again until the condition is false, at which point it leaves the for loop.

5. Dec 5, 2004

### ceptimus

In Visual Basic, the syntax is a bit different.

DIM A(10)

gives you eleven variables to play with, called A(0), A(1), ... A(10)

the FOR statement works like this:

FOR J = 1 TO 10

... do some stuff ...

NEXT

this makes J take the value 1 for the first pass through the loop, 2 for the second and so on up to 10 the last time through.

To make the values of A() be the seven times table, you could do something like:

DIM A(12)

FOR J = 1 to 12

A(J) = 7 * J

NEXT

If you want the loop variable to go in steps other than 1 you add a step clause:

FOR J = 0 to 20 STEP 2

PRINT J
' this loop will print 0, 2, 4, 6, ... 18, 20

NEXT