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Fourier Transform of exponential and heaviside function

  1. Aug 29, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Compute the Fourier transform of


    where H(t) is the Heaviside step function

    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I am stuck in an attempt at the solution, I am confused at how the heaviside step function factors in and think that it may just affect the upper and lower limits of the integral, but am not sure. I am looking for direction on how to approach the problem or at least set it up.
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 29, 2011 #2

    Char. Limit

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    Gold Member

    The Fourier Transform is defined on a function f(t) as:

    [tex]\int_{-\infty}^\infty f(t) e^{2 \pi i t \omega} dt[/tex]

    Now, try plugging in f(t)=e^(-at)H(t) into this definition. Remember that H(t) is defined to be 0 for all negative t and 1 for all positive t, so try splitting the integral into two integrals: one with lower bound -infinity and upper bound 0, and the other with lower bound 0 and the upper bound infinity. Then apply the definition of H(t) and it should become easy.
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