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GPS satellite and satnav receiver clock synchronisation

  1. Feb 4, 2013 #1
    As far as I understand it...

    Each satellite transmits a signal that the receiver receives. This signal consists of (at least) a satellite identification together with a time-stamp of when the signal was sent and its position at that time. The receiver calculates the distance from the satellite by comparison of the time-stamp to its own internal clock (distance = speed-of-light x time-difference). With three different satellite signals the intersection of three spheres can be found and therefore the position of the receiver.

    So, the accuracy of the receiver's clock against the satellite's clocks would seem to be critical - in fact fundamental to the accuracy of the distance measurement. But if the receiver does not know exactly how far away the satellite is, how could it accurately compensate for the delay in receiving a time synchronisation signal? Assuming that the receiver does not have an on-board atomic clock, any clock it does have will have to be sync'ed probably very regularly.

    So the question is, how is the receiver's clock sync'ed to the GPS satellite's clocks, given that the receiver does not know far away the satellite is, so it can correct for the time-delay?

    Sounds like a chicken and egg problem to me!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 4, 2013 #2
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Positioning_System#Navigation_equations

    It seems that it is just assumed the clock is wrong by some amount, but wrong by the same amount during the time interval in which the signals from the different satellites arrive, which is probably a good estimate considering the small time interval. Then they just fit the time error of the clock such that the four spheres intersect in a single spot, or try to minimize the variation of the intersection point considering all the spheres or some other method.
     
  4. Feb 4, 2013 #3
  5. Feb 4, 2013 #4

    davenn

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    interesting paper, thanks for the link

    I'm the tech working for a company thats sells GPS gear into the survey and heavy machine industry ... road construction, mining etc
    I have to admit that, even working with precision GPS equip all day every day, there's still lots I dont know about the GPS basics. ( mainly cuz it isnt essential to repairing the equip)

    I had to giggle with that 80metre accuracy comment in the opening lines.
    we are now easily down to less than 10mm ( 1cm) 5mm is quite achieveable using 2 linked receivers

    Dave
     
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