Hi all, Thanks for taking your time to help me. It means a lot! For some context: I'm a physics student taking an analytical chemistry course and am a bit confused by the concept of electrical potential. Gravitational potential is the potential energy per unit mass, V(gravitational) = U/m. (I think) this means that the gravitational potential of an object on top of a mountain is higher than the V(g) of that same object near the ground. Therefore, objects spontaneously move from a higher V(g) to a lower V(g) and they lose energy while moving therefore having a negative change in energy. In electrical potential, V(electrical) = -nF∇G where n is number of electrons, F is faradays constant, and G is change in free energy. The units are J/C. I'm confused because in this system, electrons travel spontaneously from a lower potential to a higher potential. This is the direct opposite of gravitational potential (if Im understanding everything correctly). Could someone explain why there is this difference using math or words? When I think about it conceptually, I get further confused: As electrons are moving through a circuit, the circuits voltage (aka electrical potential) determines the amount of energy each electron, in other words, each electrons capability to do work. As the electron moves through the circuit, it loses energy until it reaches the other side. So it seems that the electron is moving from a higher potential to a lower potential. Whats going on here?