Harness energy of Earth magnetic field?

In summary, someone estimated that if cables will be extended from pole to pole and contacts placed on equator we could obtain 100.000 V, as Earth rotates in its own magnetic field.
  • #1
Stanley514
411
2
Somebody estimated that if cables will be extended from pole to pole and contacts placed on equator we could obtain 100.000 V, as Earth rotates in its own magnetic field.
 
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  • #2
Ok. Did you have a question?
 
  • #3
Is it true or not?
 
  • #4
Who is "somebody" and do you have a reference?
 
  • #5
Voltage isn't energy.
 
  • #6
Question more.

Heard of any such effects on N-S railroad tracks, like Miami to Quebec?
Or power lines?

Ocean water is a conductor and very nearly spans the poles.

Crackpottery is easy to test.
 
  • #7
jim hardy said:
Question more.

Heard of any such effects on N-S railroad tracks, like Miami to Quebec?
Or power lines?

Ocean water is a conductor and very nearly spans the poles.

Crackpottery is easy to test.

The only possibility would have to involve a ring round a meridian N-S-N. That would produce the Faraday Paradox Induction Effect. There isn't enough Area involved with any other loop moving through the Earth's field. Perhaps someone could calculate the emf and then the possible power output for us?
 
  • #8
The thing that people forget when dreaming about electricity from Earth's magnetic field is that the field is stationary looking to it in overall , ofcourse it changes a little and drifts but the changes are so little that on a large scale it just won't do , as to induce current in a wire you either need a time varying magnetic field or you have to move the coil, just putting a coil in a stationary field won't do.
So you would need a bearing type cable around Earth and you would need to spin it and then you would get current induced , the problem again is spinning something requires energy, so in the end reality is harsh.
@sophiecentaur again writes faster than me:D

I guess I got the idea about the faraday paradox you mentioned , the whole system would then function as a simple homopolar engine, like a single wire from a AA battery + to the minus terminal?
The problem Is Earth itselft isn't a battery which gives voltage at certain terminals nor a magnet in a way that soil would conduct so I have a little bit of problem understanding your paradox case scenario.?
 
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  • #9
The Faraday paradox involves generating an emf even when magnet and loop are rotating together. Isn't that what would happen with a loop around the Earth n-s-n?
 
  • #10
I guess so but doesn't the ends of the wire have to be connected to the magnet so that current could flow.Otherwise it would be like spinning a magnet and wire around it both at the same rpm but not physically connected and that wouldn't induce current in the wire as there would be no closed path for the electrons to move.And the field seen by the moving coil would be static just like you would place a magnet next to a wire sitting on a table.
So I understand that they have to be connected physically then the question is Earth as we know are not all made of magnetic minerals and ore , how does one connect the N-S-N wire to the ground for the electrons to flow?
Dig until reach mantle but that would melt the cable and again no luck.
 
  • #11
@sophiecentaur so how it is actually , could you please see my last post, as I believe this thread just got forgotten a little bit, but not 100% finished.
:)
 
  • #12
Crazymechanic said:
@sophiecentaur so how it is actually , could you please see my last post, as I believe this thread just got forgotten a little bit, but not 100% finished.
:)
Sorry. Mind elsewhere.
The magnet doesn't need to be part of the circuit - why did you think that was necessary? Was it because of some of the demos on YouTube? All you need is a loop or loops of wire and a changing magnetic flux. Some magnets are not even of conductive material but can be used in generators.
Actually, I was trying to think up a suitable geometry for the loop of wire and I found that most feasible layouts seem to involve induced voltages almost cancelling out. The problem is that the Earth's field is very weak and needs a massive loop area to obtain any more than a 'just detectable' amount of power.
 
  • #13
Well I thought of it as the Faraday disc,in his case the rotating magnet was electrically connected to the wire via rolling brushes or other mechanism.
But If you don't do that I think the current induced in the wire will be even less than in the wire to Earth scenario as basically the Earth spins and the wire does that together with Earth and the Earth magnetic field speaking generally doesn't change that much at all as much as I know. Basically the wire would see pretty much static magnetic field am i right? Hence very small almoust laughable current would be induced?
 
  • #14
IFFF you could drop a wire down through the Earth, to connect north and south poles, and then ran a semicircular wire on the surface, the rotation of that loop, once a day, would generate a significant emf. The Faraday paradox is explained by the fact that the Earth's magnet, spinning on its axis produces a stationary field - not an intuitive thing at all and hard to cope with (for me, anyway - I just have to accept it). Those demos on YouTube show this happening.
 
  • #15
Ok now I understand more what you meant.yes I have seen them too, at the first moment i double checked the information as I don't have much trust in all those "random guy in a garage" videos on youtube but yes this seems to be so.
I think the important part here is that you have to have one wire a loop around Earth N-S-N and then another one straight through Earth and then connect the loop with the straight one via some brushes or so and in between a capacitor, now that reminds me the Farday thing quite clearly yes.
I think the problem arises about when one would want to put the straight wire through earth. :D
 
  • #16
You woulds see those demos in School too (I did when I was a lad) but Health and Safety forbids the use of mercury! So far, they can't control what you do in your garage (at least what you do with mercury).
 
  • #17
hi, friends, i have heard about something called as electrodynamic tethers. These are long conducting wires usually of aluminium which are used to change the orbits of spacecraft s. I took this subject for my class seminar. These electrodynamic tethers actually uses Earth magnetic field. They have also been used to produce higher electric current for experiments.
 

Related to Harness energy of Earth magnetic field?

1. How can we harness energy from the Earth's magnetic field?

To harness energy from Earth's magnetic field, we can use a device called a magnetohydrodynamic generator. This device converts the kinetic energy of ionized gases in the Earth's atmosphere, which are affected by the magnetic field, into electrical energy.

2. What is the potential of harnessing energy from the Earth's magnetic field?

The potential of harnessing energy from Earth's magnetic field is vast. The Earth's magnetic field is estimated to contain about 10^25 joules of energy, which is equivalent to the total energy consumption of the world for 200,000 years.

3. How does harnessing energy from the Earth's magnetic field impact the environment?

Harnessing energy from Earth's magnetic field is a clean and renewable energy source, so it has minimal impact on the environment. Unlike fossil fuels, it does not produce greenhouse gases or other pollutants, making it a more sustainable option.

4. Can we use the Earth's magnetic field to power our homes and cities?

While the Earth's magnetic field has a vast amount of energy, the technology to harness it is still in its early stages. Currently, it is not feasible to use the Earth's magnetic field to power homes and cities on its own. However, it can be used as a supplemental energy source alongside other renewable energy sources.

5. Are there any challenges to harnessing energy from the Earth's magnetic field?

One of the main challenges of harnessing energy from Earth's magnetic field is the low efficiency of current magnetohydrodynamic generators. Additionally, the technology is still in the development phase, so there are still many obstacles to overcome to make it a viable energy source on a larger scale.

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