- #1

jdawg

- 367

- 2

## Homework Statement

The temperature distribution across a wall 0.3m thick at a certain instant of time is T(x)=a+bx+cx

^{2}, where T is in degrees Celsius and x is in meters, a = 200°C, b = -200°C/m, and c=30°C/m

^{2}. The wall has a thermal conductivity of 1W/m

^{2}K.

(a) On a unit surface area basis, determine the rate of heat transfer into and out of the wall and the rate of change of energy stored by the wall.

(b) If the cold surface is exposed to a ﬂuid at 100°C, what is the convection coefﬁcient?

## Homework Equations

q''

_{conduction}= -k[∂T/∂x]

q''

_{convection}= h[T

_{wall}-T

_{∞}]

## The Attempt at a Solution

So part A made perfect sense. Assuming 1D conduction, I got the heat transfer into be 200 W/m

^{2}and the heat transfer out to be 182 W/m

^{2}.

Part B is where I get a bit confused. So I found the temperature at the cold surface of the wall (at distance L) by just plugging 0.3 m into the given temperature distribution. Then you use the heat transfer equation for convection:

q''

_{convection}= h[T

_{wall}-T

_{∞}]

So you know the temperature difference, but how to you know the heat transfer out? Why would it be acceptable to use the heat transfer out due to conduction from part A when we are considering convection in part B? Is it because if you do a surface balance at that surface of the wall, then the heat transfer due to conduction will equal the heat transfer due to convection? But then I suppose your conduction heat transfer would have to be heat in and not heat out in that case... I would greatly appreciate some clarification :)