1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Help me find the final velocity tnx

  1. May 16, 2009 #1
    0.5Kg snowball moving at 20m/s strikes and sticks to a 70Kg man standing on the frictionless surface of a frozen pond. what is the final velocity?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 16, 2009 #2
    help.. please.. :(
     
  4. May 16, 2009 #3

    Doc Al

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Show what you've done so far and where you are stuck.

    Hint: What's conserved?
     
  5. May 16, 2009 #4
    uhmm, there was no conservation happened because there was an external force coming from the snowball i think... :(
     
  6. May 16, 2009 #5

    Doc Al

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Try considering the snowball and man as a single system.
     
  7. May 16, 2009 #6
    uhmm,, will this equation solve my problem?

    (0.5kg) * (20m/s)= (70kg)* (?)

    im not really sure if im going on the right track i don't know much about physics..
    i feel so helpless by not knowing these things.. :(
     
  8. May 16, 2009 #7

    Cyosis

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    It's close, but not correct. Use conservation of momentum. The system here is the man and the snowball. What is the momentum before the collision? What is the momentum after the collision? To elaborate a bit further. Before the impact the snow ball has a certain speed and mass and so does the man, his speed is 0 since he's at rest. The question states that after the collision the snowball sticks to the man. Can you do anything with this information?
     
    Last edited: May 16, 2009
  9. May 16, 2009 #8
    uhmm, the momentum before and after the collision was zero?
     
  10. May 16, 2009 #9

    Doc Al

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 24, 2017
  11. May 16, 2009 #10
    uhmm, the momentum before and after the collision is zero??
     
  12. May 16, 2009 #11

    Doc Al

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    No. To find the total momentum of the system, just add up the momentum of each part. What's the initial momentum of the snowball? Of the man?
     
  13. May 16, 2009 #12

    Cyosis

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    In the system of man and snowball total momentum is conserved. The total momentum before the collision is not zero, thus it cannot be zero after the collision. Could you write down the equations for momentum for the system before the collision? p=...?

    Edit: Since I didn't post any new information with this post I will expand a bit upon it.

    Before the collision:
    What is the mass of the snowball?
    What is the speed of the snowball?
    What is he mass of the man?
    What is the speed of the man?

    After the collision:
    What is the mass of the man and the snowball that is stuck to him?
    What is the speed of the combined object that is man and snowball?

    Now what is the definition of momentum? Plug in the numbers and solve.

    Answer all these questions if you haven't found the solution yet.
     
    Last edited: May 16, 2009
  14. May 16, 2009 #13
    can i use this formula?
    (m)*(20m/s)+(m)(0m/s)=(2m)(velocity after the collision)?
     
  15. May 16, 2009 #14

    Cyosis

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    All the masses are the same in that equation, while in your problem they are not. Instead of just using a formula you don't understand, try to understand what's going on. When you do that you will see you will be able to solve all other problems like this easily without having to worry about what formula to use.

    Can you tell us what conservation of momentum means and do you know how you write momentum down in equation form?
     
  16. May 16, 2009 #15
     
  17. May 16, 2009 #16

    Cyosis

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    You got it!
     
  18. May 16, 2009 #17
    accdg to what i have read, the momentum is unchanged if there is no external force acted on the system.. the energy is conserved...
     
  19. May 16, 2009 #18
    hai,, guys thanks for the effort in helping me solving this problem..
     
  20. May 16, 2009 #19
    you mean to say tama ako? i mean i got it the correct answer?????
     
  21. May 16, 2009 #20

    Cyosis

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    Tama ako? Anyway yes you found the correct method and answer to your problem.
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook




Similar Discussions: Help me find the final velocity tnx
  1. Finding final velocity (Replies: 1)

  2. Finding final velocity (Replies: 2)

Loading...