How can I be sure that the emission of a He-Ne laser contains only one single mode of laser cavity? The only thing that I know is that if I use a diffraction grating and the light isn't monochromatic, I'll see maximums of the same order at different angles, but I also know that if wavelengths are very close I may not see them. I have to mind the resolutive power of the grating (R=mN). If N1=1000 lines/mm and N2=500 lines/mm and the grating paces are D1=10^-6 m and D2=2*10^-6 m, will I see different maximums if the light isn't monochromatic? Do you know other ways to know if the light of a He-Ne is monochromatic?