Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

I How will melted ice in a pool change the water level

  1. Jan 13, 2019 #1
    if I have a pool that is 20x20 surface area and I put a 200 gallon block of ice it, the water level will go up by X amount. when it melts how much will the water level change?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 13, 2019 #2
    Units?

    Does the ice block swim in the water or is it laying on the ground? (Is X kown or unknown?)
     
  4. Jan 13, 2019 #3

    DaveC426913

    User Avatar
    Gold Member

    At the risk of violating the rule of 'Ask, don't tell' I attach this diagram which addressed the same question posted here a long time ago.

    pic_icefloats.gif
     
  5. Jan 13, 2019 #4

    DaveC426913

    User Avatar
    Gold Member

    Which, by the way, is why floating Arctic ice won't change the sea level when it melts.
     
  6. Jan 13, 2019 #5

    sophiecentaur

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Good old Archimedes got it when he said the weight of water displaced is equal to the upthrust. When an object floats, what does that tell you?
     
  7. Jan 13, 2019 #6

    anorlunda

    Staff: Mentor

    Units units units. If you add one kg of water or one kg of ice to a pool of water, the level rise is the same. But one kg of ice needs more gallons (volume) than a kg of water. That is why ice floats instead of sinking.
     
  8. Jan 14, 2019 #7
    As it seems we lost the OP it doesn't hurt if I post my solution for the case that X is known (and neglecting the change of water density due to cooling):

    [itex]\Delta h = \frac{{V_{ice} \cdot \rho _{ice} }}{{A_{pool} \cdot \rho _{water} }} - X[/itex]
     
  9. Jan 14, 2019 #8
    NICE! that's what I thought! only Ice that is grounded will effect the sea level. thanks
    Philip
     
  10. Jan 14, 2019 #9

    Nugatory

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    That is correct, although it is an interesting exercise to calculate how much the sea level would rise if
    A) all the Greenland ice cap were to completely melt
    B) all the Antarctic ice cap were to completely melt
     
  11. Jan 14, 2019 #10

    DaveC426913

    User Avatar
    Gold Member

    At the rate they're going we won't have to wait long before calculation is obsolete - superceded by observation....
     
  12. Jan 14, 2019 #11

    Janus

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Well, not quite. Much of the floating sea ice is fresh water ice. Sea water is denser than fresh water. Ergo, the volume of fresh water produced by the melting ice will be a slight bit larger than the volume of sea water that it displaced. It's a small effect, but an effect none the less.
     
  13. Jan 14, 2019 #12

    DaveC426913

    User Avatar
    Gold Member

    True. I was thinking of mentioning that, but decided it would just confound the central question.
     
  14. Jan 15, 2019 #13
    I would have thought that the water level won't change at all.

    Ice is less dense than water (very few substances are less dense as a solid rather than a liquid). That's why an iceberg only shows ten percent or so above water, and the other 90% is under water.

    When the ice melts, the water perfectly occupies the 90% under water that was originally occupied by the iceberg, so no change in water level.
     
  15. Jan 15, 2019 #14

    Janus

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    That's true if it is fresh water ice floating in fresh water. But fresh water ice floating in salt water is a different case because salt water is denser than fresh water. ( one way to look at it is that the fresh water iceberg floats a bit higher in salt water than it does in fresh water, so a little less than 90% of it will be underwater, but it still produces the same volume of water when it melts.
     
  16. Jan 15, 2019 #15
    This is from the page referenced below:
    A lot. It is interesting to note that in the region of Central American, there are caves under water greater than 60 meters where bones, including human bones have been found. This is the effect of the various ice ages reducing the sea level. It should hold that if all of the current ice were to vanish, the sea levels would rise, and dramatically.
    As real estate developer I had to take into account sea level rise and the impact that would have on a proposed community. It is a reality that must not be ignored.
     
  17. Jan 15, 2019 #16

    rcgldr

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    How much difference in sea level would occur due to a temperature change in the water? I assume a small change for say a change of 1 degree Celsius.
     
Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?