Infinitesimal transformation

  • Thread starter PhyAmateur
  • Start date
  • #1
105
2

Main Question or Discussion Point

If we have:

$$F_{\mu\nu} \rightarrow \cos\alpha F_{\mu\nu} +\sin\alpha \star G_{\mu\nu}$$
$$G_{\mu\nu} \rightarrow \cos\alpha G_{\mu\nu} +\sin\alpha \star F_{\mu\nu}$$
for rotation $\alpha$.

If infinitesimal transformation for small alpha one gets

$$\delta F_{\mu\nu} = \delta\alpha~\star G_{\mu\nu}$$
$$\delta G_{\mu\nu} = \delta\alpha~\star F_{\mu\nu}.$$

How do we get the infinitesimal transformation? I didn't understand the procedure. I know that $\cos\alpha \sim1$ and $\sin\alpha \sim\alpha$ but when I am substituting back I am not getting the same $\delta F_{\mu\nu}$ as above.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
470
58
Your new tensors are going to be:
$$
\begin{cases}
F_{\mu\nu}^\prime=\cos\alpha F_{\mu\nu}+\sin\alpha\star G_{\mu\nu}\simeq F_{\mu\nu}+\alpha\star G_{\mu\nu} \\
G_{\mu\nu}^\prime=\cos\alpha G_{\mu\nu}+\sin\alpha\star F_{\mu\nu}\simeq G_{\mu\nu}+\alpha\star F_{\mu\nu}
\end{cases}.
$$
The variations of the tensors themselves are defined as the new tensors minus the old ones: [itex]\delta F_{\mu\nu}=F_{\mu\nu}^\prime-F_{\mu\nu}[/itex] and [itex]\delta G_{\mu\nu}=G_{\mu\nu}^\prime-G_{\mu\nu}[/itex]. And thus you obtain what you are looking for.
 
  • #3
105
2
Thank youuu a lot!!
 

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