Integrating sqrt(x^2+1)/x^2 using trig

1. Mar 30, 2008

dtl42

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

$$\int$$$$\frac{\sqrt{x^{2}+1}}{x^{2}} dx$$

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution
I tried a Trig Substitution with x=tan(u) and ended up with $$\int (csc(u))^{2} * sec(u) du$$

From here I am kind of stuck. I tried a few different integration by parts methods, but they got very messy. I also couldn't find any sort of table for this.

2. Mar 30, 2008

tiny-tim

Hi dtl42!

Yes, you're almost there …

Put cosec^2 = 1 + cot^2, and you have:
$$\int \left(sec(u)\,+\,cot(u)csc(u)\right) du\,.$$

(though personally, I'd have used x = sinhv, giving ∫coth^2(v)dv)

3. Mar 30, 2008

dtl42

Thanks very much, I can't believe I didn't see that. Its those variations of the Pythag. Identity that get me.