Integration by parts with trig function insanity

  • Thread starter cuttlefish
  • Start date
  • #1
13
0

Homework Statement


Let In=the integral from 0 to pi/2 of sinnxdx
show that (I2n+1)/(I2n)=(2n+1)/(2n+2)


Homework Equations


integral from 0 to pi/2 of sin2n=(2n-1)pi/4n


The Attempt at a Solution


I can't write down all that I've done because it's just too ridiculous. I've tried lots of forms of just trying to manipulate my equation above, which didn't work. I've tried integration by parts for sin2n+1*sinx but I've ended up with the integral of cos2xsin2nx and I can't find a suitable substitution for that. I've been working on this problem forever and it's killing me. If anyone has any suggestions I would be very appreciative.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
726
1
Have you seen the derivation of Wallis' infinite product for pi/2?
 
  • #3
13
0
unfortunately, I have to use this problem to prove that next.
 
  • #4
lanedance
Homework Helper
3,304
2
so you're trying to do the even integral first? think you might have been on the right track how about looking at some induction as a next step...

I2n = [tex]\int[/tex]dt sint2n = [tex]\int[/tex]dt sint2n-1.sint

integrating by parts

I2n = (2n-1)[tex]\int[/tex]dt sint2(n-1)cost2

I2n = (2n-1)[tex]\int[/tex]dt sint2(n-1) - (2n-1)[tex]\int[/tex]dt sint2n

So
2n. I2n = (2n-1).I2(n-1)
 
  • #5
lanedance
Homework Helper
3,304
2
so you're trying to do the even integral? think you might have been on the right track how about looking at some induction as a next step...

so from I2n = [tex]\int[/tex]dt sint2n = [tex]\int[/tex]dt sint2n-1.sint

and integrating by parts like you did, I get to

2n. I2n = (2n-1).I2(n-1)

Also is that formula for I2n in the post correct? i would of thought it should tend zero as n heads towrds infinity
 

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