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1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

I have the equation for the internal energy:

U = (f/2) * N * k * T, where f is the degrees of freedom, N is the number of molecules, k is Bolzmann's constant and T is the temperature in Kelvin.

This can be written as U = (f/2)*p*V using the ideal gas law. Differentiating this I get:

delta U = (f/2)*(delta_p*V + p*delta_V).

In this equation, I know what delta_p and delta_V are, but what about V and p? Are they the initial or final states?

Thanks in advance.

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# Homework Help: Internal energy, thermodynamics

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