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Intro & What does it mean to normalize a function/an image?

  1. Nov 27, 2014 #1
    Hi Guy,

    My name is John Dolan and I am an Irish student studying Astronomy in the university of Groningen in the Netherlands. I have been interested in Physics and Astronomy since I was knee high to a grasshopper and I look forward to asking questions, finding out new ideas and new ways of thinking and hopefully getting to answer to questions to.

    One thing I've always heard but never fully understood was the term "Normalize". What exactly does it mean in terms of a function or in the case I'm dealing with now, an Image. I would be very grateful if anyone could clarify this for me.

    Thanks in advance,
    John Dolan
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 27, 2014 #2


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    Staff: Mentor

  4. Nov 27, 2014 #3


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    To normalize a vector is to divide it by its norm. The result is a unit vector (a vector of norm 1) in the same 1-dimensional subspace.

    Real-valued and complex-valued functions are vectors in the sense that they are elements of a vector space.
  5. Nov 27, 2014 #4
    Think of it as "contrast". It's changing the intensity levels for the pixels in an image.
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