Is 0.999repeating 1?

1. May 28, 2004

killerinstinct

Very common debate: is 0.999999 repeating 1?
Opinions?

2. May 28, 2004

killerinstinct

didn't realize that there was anther exactly the same question in logics thread.

3. May 28, 2004

Bob3141592

Yes, it is, as long as we're talking about the normal real number system. I can't see any difference. Except for the typography.

What is the difference, meaning subtract .999... from 1.000.... The difference would be 0.000...1. But it's not valid to put something after the "..." That's asking what comes after infinity, which isn't a valid question. The expression .000...1 is a typographic error, and not something that is even defined in the set of real numbers.

4. May 28, 2004

matt grime

It is not an opinion that they are equal, it is a very easy provable fact and only cranks who don't understand the way mathematics work insist they are different after it has been patiently explained to them.

We mean base ten, work out what the infinite sum 0.999... is, if that doesn't convince you then you need to look up the definitions you don't understand in the phrase:

they represent the same equivalence class in the cauchy sequences of rationals modulo convergence that define the real number system.

Last edited: May 28, 2004
5. May 28, 2004

jcsd

Well I'm 99.99999.....% certain it's equal to 1 :D

6. May 28, 2004

JonF

This has to be the most asked question on this forum.

7. May 28, 2004

jcsd

JonF I have never been on any mesage board where there have not been arguments about this and that includes non-maths/sci boards.

In fact I now propose jcsd's theorum:

8. May 28, 2004

JonF

.999… not equal to 1? That’s kiddy stuff, just watch me argue that .3333… is not equal to 1/3

9. May 28, 2004

matt grime

Corollary to JCSD's theorem:

every bulletin board etc attracts an idiot, a troll, or possibly both.

10. May 28, 2004

Grizzlycomet

Why should .9999... equal 1 and not .9999...? Trying to get from .9999... to 1 is just like trying to accelerate your spaceship to the speed of light. You keep getting closer, but you can't get that last little bit.

11. May 28, 2004

Integral

Staff Emeritus
I knew it.^~ A last little bit poster would have to show up. Do we try to explain it to him?

That "last little bit" is $$\frac 1 \infty$$. By the definition of infinity, that last little bit is zero. So essentially this is true by definition, but beyond that it is completely consistent and provable in many different manners. There is no law that says each point on the real number line must have a unique representation. In fact just the opposite is true, every point on the real number line has many (perhaps an infinite) number of different ways to represent it.

12. May 28, 2004

Grizzlycomet

I must say I dislike these kind of comments. I am a 16 yr old student who has not taken a lot of math, certainly not on the subject of infinity. I fail to see why you would judge me as "a last little bit poster" or whatnot, for simply voicing a (to me) logical view. Though these thing may be obvious to you, that is not so for everyone. I find that your post without the two first lines would have been completely satisfactory.

13. May 28, 2004

hello3719

14. May 28, 2004

Integral

Staff Emeritus
My apologies, having been involved in this same discussion on several different forums over the last 2 or 3 years I do not recall anyone ever saying "oh I see" so perhaps am a bit cyncial about the whole issue.

15. May 28, 2004

jcsd

let x = 0.9999... =>

10x = 9.99999...

10x - x = 9x = 9 =>

x = 1

All we are really saying is:

$$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{9}{10^n} = 1$$

16. May 28, 2004

ahrkron

Staff Emeritus
I'm sorry for the harsh response to your question, Grizzlycomet. We generally try to not be hard on people because of the questions they ask; the problem is that this particular topic is visited way too often by people trying to push their "new math", "theory of infinity" and whatnot, instead of trying first to understand how standard math deals with the issue.

17. May 28, 2004

Grizzlycomet

Thank you, apology accepted :) I understand that you may have seen this question many times, thus growing very tired of it. Your explanation was in itself good :)

18. May 28, 2004

Integral

Staff Emeritus
Read http://home.comcast.net/~rossgr1/Math/one.PDF [Broken] page. There are 2 proofs, the first simply uses the sum of an infinite series formula. The second is my version of how a Mathematician approaches the problem. I feel that it also gives a very intuitive feel for why equality holds.

Last edited by a moderator: May 1, 2017
19. May 28, 2004

Grizzlycomet

Thak you for the link, Integral. I think I'm on my way to getting it now.

20. May 28, 2004