...Spiritualism as a movement began in 1848...
One night in late March, 1848, the two little Fox sisters — Margaret and Kate (also called Catherine), said they heard strange knockings in the cottage where they lay in their beds. Haunted houses were nothing new but this was different.
As the story goes, when Margaret snapped her fingers twice and told the rapper, "Do as I do," he knocked twice. "Count to 10," she commanded, and there were 10 rappings.
Neighbors and skeptics came over to witness this strange communication with the spirit world. At times there were as many as 500 people in the Fox house at one time to hear the sounds.
It was discovered that by means of a code (for instance, one rap for "yes," two raps for "no," three raps for "don't know"), the spirit would answer questions about the future. It wasn't long before Margaret, Kate and their older sister Leah took up spirit rapping as a profession.
Spiritualism was born. [continued]
I find this a little misleading. These beliefs are ancient. Consider the following from a Bible search. Note that this is presented purely in a historical context. No religion specific arguments please.
Search words "medium" 14 results. |
" 'Do not turn to mediums or seek out spiritists, for you will be defiled by them. I am the LORD your God.
(Whole Chapter: Leviticus 19 In context: Leviticus 19:30-32)
" 'I will set my face against the person who turns to mediums and spiritists to prostitute himself by following them, and I will cut him off from his people.
(Whole Chapter: Leviticus 20 In context: Leviticus 20:5-7)
" 'A man or woman who is a medium or spiritist among you must be put to death. You are to stone them; their blood will be on their own heads.' "
(Whole Chapter: Leviticus 20 In context: Leviticus 20:26-28)
or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead.
(Whole Chapter: Deuteronomy 18 In context: Deuteronomy 18:10-12)
1 Samuel 28:3
Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had mourned for him and buried him in his own town of Ramah. Saul had expelled the mediums and spiritists from the land.
(Whole Chapter: 1 Samuel 28 In context: 1 Samuel 28:2-4)
1 Samuel 28:7
Saul then said to his attendants, "Find me a woman who is a medium, so I may go and inquire of her." "There is one in Endor," they said.
(Whole Chapter: 1 Samuel 28 In context: 1 Samuel 28:6-8)
1 Samuel 28:9
But the woman said to him, "Surely you know what Saul has done. He has cut off the mediums and spiritists from the land. Why have you set a trap for my life to bring about my death?"
(Whole Chapter: 1 Samuel 28 In context: 1 Samuel 28:8-10)
2 Kings 21:6
He sacrificed his own son in [ 21:6 Or [ He made his own son pass through ] ] the fire, practiced sorcery and divination, and consulted mediums and spiritists. He did much evil in the eyes of the LORD , provoking him to anger.
(Whole Chapter: 2 Kings 21 In context: 2 Kings 21:5-7)
2 Kings 23:24
Furthermore, Josiah got rid of the mediums and spiritists, the household gods, the idols and all the other detestable things seen in Judah and Jerusalem. This he did to fulfill the requirements of the law written in the book that Hilkiah the priest had discovered in the temple of the LORD .
(Whole Chapter: 2 Kings 23 In context: 2 Kings 23:23-25)
1 Chronicles 10:13
Saul died because he was unfaithful to the LORD ; he did not keep the word of the LORD and even consulted a medium for guidance,
(Whole Chapter: 1 Chronicles 10 In context: 1 Chronicles 10:12-14)
2 Chronicles 33:6
He sacrificed his sons in [ 33:6 Or [ He made his sons pass through ] ] the fire in the Valley of Ben Hinnom, practiced sorcery, divination and witchcraft, and consulted mediums and spiritists. He did much evil in the eyes of the LORD , provoking him to anger.
(Whole Chapter: 2 Chronicles 33 In context: 2 Chronicles 33:5-7)
When men tell you to consult mediums and spiritists, who whisper and mutter, should not a people inquire of their God? Why consult the dead on behalf of the living?
(Whole Chapter: Isaiah 8 In context: Isaiah 8:18-20)
The Egyptians will lose heart, and I will bring their plans to nothing; they will consult the idols and the spirits of the dead, the mediums and the spiritists.
(Whole Chapter: Isaiah 19 In context: Isaiah 19:2-4)
So do not listen to your prophets, your diviners, your interpreters of dreams, your mediums or your sorcerers who tell you, 'You will not serve the king of Babylon.'
(Whole Chapter: Jeremiah 27 In context: Jeremiah 27:8-10)
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