# Limits with e^x and an integral too!

1. Feb 7, 2006

### G01

Hi I'm having some trouble with evaluating these limits. I can't figure out what to do. I guess i forgot some calc one. I don't have much work but All I'm asking for for now is a couple hints.

$$\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty} \frac{e^{3x} -e^{-3x}}{e^{3x} + e^{-3x}}$$

I tried dividing numerator and denominator by e^3x and 3^-3x Neither worked? Any hints on what else to do?

$$\lim_{x\rightarrow2^+} e^{3/(2-x)}$$ I have no idea here. Please I know theres not much work but Im totaly lost.

Now the integral:

$$\int e^x \sqrt{1+e^x} dx$$

I tried the substitution u = $$\sqrt{1+e^x}$$

Using that substitution i get this:

$$2\int u^2 du$$

integrate this and you get:

$$(1/2) u^4 + C$$

which is:

(1+ 2e^x +e^2x)/2, This is nowhere near the answer. Where did I go wrong. I don't see why that substitution didn't work.

Last edited: Feb 7, 2006
2. Feb 7, 2006

### G01

wait i saw my mistake on the integral. Nevermind there.

3. Feb 7, 2006

### EbolaPox

Hello. I'll offer some quick assistance with the integral

$$\int e^x \sqrt{1+e^x} dx$$

For this, try setting $$u =$$ $$1 + e^x$$
Thus,
$$du = e^x \cdot dx$$

Does this help?

4. Feb 7, 2006

### krab

try it in a calculator; it converges very quickly. This is because the second term on top and second term on bottom very quickly become utterly negligible.

5. Feb 7, 2006

### G01

Krab and ebola thank you. I solved the integral and the first limit. Now if Anybody can help on the second limit, thatd be great.

6. Feb 7, 2006

### Jameson

$$\lim_{x\rightarrow2^+} e^{3/(2-x)}$$

Well as x approaches two, the denominator becomes a very small positive number, let's call it A, and 3/A becomes inifinitely large. Once this infinitely growing number is used as an exponent for e, I would say the limit is positive infinity.

7. Feb 7, 2006

### G01

That not the answer. The answer in the back is 0. I can't figure out how to manipulate that so I can get that answer

8. Feb 8, 2006

### benorin

$$\lim_{x\rightarrow2^+} e^{3/(2-x)} = e^{\lim_{x\rightarrow2^+} 3/(2-x)}$$ by continuity of the exponential function and $$\frac{3}{2-x} \rightarrow -\infty \mbox{ as }x\rightarrow2^+$$ so one may put

$$\lim_{x\rightarrow2^+} e^{3/(2-x)} = \lim_{u\rightarrow +\infty} e^{u}=0$$

9. Feb 8, 2006

### benorin

tanh(3x) limit at infinity

$$\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty} \frac{e^{3x} -e^{-3x}}{e^{3x} + e^{-3x}} =\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty} \frac{e^{3x} -\frac{1}{e^{3x}}}{e^{3x} + \frac{1}{e^{3x}}}=\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty} \frac{\frac{e^{6x}-1}{e^{3x}}}{\frac{e^{6x}+1}{e^{3x}}}=\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty} \frac{e^{6x}-1}{e^{6x}+1}$$
$$=\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty} \frac{e^{6x}-1}{e^{6x}+1}\cdot\frac{e^{-6x}}{e^{-6x}}= \lim_{x\rightarrow\infty} \frac{1-e^{-6x}}{1+e^{-6x}}=\frac{1-0}{1+0}=1$$

10. Feb 8, 2006

### VietDao29

Whoops, typo here, benorin.
If u tends to positive infinity, then it should be:
$$\lim_{u\rightarrow +\infty} e^{u}= + \infty$$
In this problem, u tends to negative infinity, so it should be:
$$\lim_{u\rightarrow -\infty} e^{u}= 0$$ (it's negative infinity, not positive infinity).
By the way, may I suggest you not to post a COMPLETE solution.
If I recalled correctly, this is the third time I catch you posting a COMPLETE solution. :)