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Homework Help: Linear Independence and Linear Functions

  1. Nov 20, 2007 #1
    I need some help with examples. Especially number 2.

    1) Name a subset which is closed under vector addition and additive inverses but is not a subspace of R squared.

    I think I got this one. {(x,y) st x,y are elements of integers} because this isnt closed under scalar multiplication

    2) Give an example of a function f: R squared --> R that satisfies f(av) = af(v) for all a in the element of R and all v in the element of R squared, but f is not linear.

    I don't really know what a linear function is. I tried f=0V, but my teacher said that's wrong. Any advice?

    3) Find a set of 4 linearly independent vectors in the vector space L(R squared, R squared)

    I think {3x+1, 4x, 8x^2 - x, 12x^3 - x^2} is an answer.
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 20, 2007 #2


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    Yes, that's correct. Very good!

    A linear function (and if you were given this problem you were certainly expected to know what it is- perhaps you know them as "linear operators" or "linear transformations") is a function f defined on a vector space such that f(u+ v)= f(u)+ f(v) and f(av)= af(v) where u and v are vectors and a is a scalar. Since those are the operations on a vector space, linear functions "play nicely" with vectors and are the most important functions on vector spaces. f= 0V (f(v)= 0 for all vectors, v) is linear- that's why you teacher said that is wrong. Since f(av)= af(v) is one of the requirements for a linear function, it must be the other, f(u+ v)= f(u)+ f(v), that is violated. I'm not at all sure I can think of any good "hint" here. I'll just say, consider the function [itex]f((x,y)= ^3\sqrt{x^2y}[/itex].

    3) Find a set of 4 linearly independent vectors in the vector space L(R squared, R squared)

    I think {3x+1, 4x, 8x^2 - x, 12x^3 - x^2} is an answer.[/QUOTE]
    What do you think L(R2,R2) means? It is the set of Linear functions from R2 to R2. (Which makes me very concerned about your statement "I don't really know what a linear function is"! Obviously your teacher thinks you should!)

    Your examples are functions from R to R, not R2 to R2 and three of the four are not "linear". You need functions that take a vector <x,y> to another vector, something line f(<x,y>)= <fx(x,y), fy(x,y)> and, again, the functions must be linear. Are you at all familiar with representing linear functions as matrices? L(R2, R2) can be represented as the set of all 2 by 2 matrices.
    Last edited by a moderator: Nov 20, 2007
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