# Magnitude and Direction Force Problem

## Homework Statement

Use the cosine and sine rules to determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant of a force of 11 kN acting at an angle of 50 degrees to the horizontal and a force of 8 kN acting at an angle of -30 degrees to the horizontal.

## Homework Equations

Law of Sines: (a/sinA) = (b/sinB) = (c/sinC)
Law of Cosines: b^2 = a^2 + c^2 - 2*a*c*cosB

## The Attempt at a Solution

Ok, so I actually already solved for the magnitude to be 14.29783742 kN. But the other blank for the question is for "degrees to the horizontal". I may not be understanding the term correctly but I have no real idea of how to solve for this.

tiny-tim
Homework Helper
Hi Dr Meow! Welcome to PF!

(try using the X2 tag just above the Reply box )
Use the cosine and sine rules to determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant of a force of 11 kN acting at an angle of 50 degrees to the horizontal and a force of 8 kN acting at an angle of -30 degrees to the horizontal.

But the other blank for the question is for "degrees to the horizontal". I may not be understanding the term correctly but I have no real idea of how to solve for this.

(btw, 14.29783742 kN is slightly overdoing the accuracy! )

Find the angle between the resultant and the 11kN force …

then subtract that angle from 50º (which is the angle between the 11kN force and the horizontal) to get the angle between the resultant and the horizontal.

Isn't the resultant just the horizontal line? I'm sorry I did this problem a while ago and I don't remember how I did it. And the reason for the accuracy is because I'm doing this problem on WebAssign and you can't round to put in the right answer.

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tiny-tim
Homework Helper
Isn't the resultant just the horizontal line?

I don't think so … how did you get that?

(and I don't make it 14.29783742)

I'm sorry, I didn't understand what you really meant by the resultant in this case. When you said solve for the resultant.

tiny-tim
Homework Helper
Hi Dr Meow!

(just got up :zzz: …)
I'm sorry, I didn't understand what you really meant by the resultant in this case. When you said solve for the resultant.

The "resultant" was in the question that you asked …
Use the cosine and sine rules to determine the magnitude and direction of the resultant of a force of 11 kN acting at an angle of 50 degrees to the horizontal and a force of 8 kN acting at an angle of -30 degrees to the horizontal.

It means the (vector) sum of the two forces.

I thought you knew that, because you found its magnitude.

Had you forgotten what you did?

btw, I didn't say "solve for the resultant", I said …
Find the angle between the resultant and the 11kN force …

then subtract that angle from 50º (which is the angle between the 11kN force and the horizontal) to get the angle between the resultant and the horizontal.

Hey sorry it's taken me so long to reply I had forgotten about this. To be honest I did forget how I found the magnitude. And I'm still not sure because it's been even longer. Is there a way you could help me do just the degrees to the horizontal?

Thanks

tiny-tim
Homework Helper
Hi Dr Meow! Happy new year!

Show us what you've done, and where you're stuck, and then we'll know how to help.

Ok. So here's what I've done: To get the magnitude I drew a diagram of the 30 degree angle downwards and the 50 degree angle upwards. Then combined them to make a total of 80 degrees and used law of cosines to find the hypotenuse of the total triangle created and found that to be 14.29, which is correct. What I'm unsure of is exactly how to find the "degrees to the horizontal".

rl.bhat
Homework Helper
If α is the angle of the resultant of P and Q with P ( here it is 8 kN), then with a simple geometry you can show that
tan(α) = Q*sinθ/(P + Q*cosθ), where θ is the angle between P and Q.
Then (α - 30) will be the angle of the resultant with horizontal.

So would it end up being tan(α) = (11)*sin(80)/[(8 + 11)*cos(80)]? Then (α - 30) Because when I computed that all out it ended up to be the wrong answer.

rl.bhat
Homework Helper
So would it end up being tan(α) = (11)*sin(80)/[(8 + 11)*cos(80)]? Then (α - 30) Because when I computed that all out it ended up to be the wrong answer.
There is another method.
Find the vertical and horizontal components of 11 kN and 8 kN.
If φ is the angle between the resultant and horizontal, then
tanφ = ΣFy/ΣFx

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rl.bhat
Homework Helper
So would it end up being tan(α) = (11)*sin(80)/[(8 + 11)*cos(80)]? Then (α - 30) Because when I computed that all out it ended up to be the wrong answer.
[ tan(α) = (11)*sin(80)/[(8 + 11)*cos(80)]?
This is wrong.
It should be
tan(α) = (11)*sin(80)/[(8 + 11*cos(80)]?

[ tan(α) = (11)*sin(80)/[(8 + 11)*cos(80)]?
This is wrong.
It should be
tan(α) = (11)*sin(80)/[(8 + 11*cos(80)]?

Even then I end up with -24.325 which is wrong.