Measuring the damping frequency from an oscilloscope reading

  • #1

Homework Statement:

From the oscilloscope reading, find the undamped frequency of oscillation, damped exponent, and damped frequency of oscillation if the damping ratio is .1.

Relevant Equations:

shown below
I know the following equations for if the damping ratio is less than 1:
$$\sigma = -\zeta \omega_n$$
$$\omega = \sqrt{(1 - \zeta ^2)\omega^2_n}$$
I am given the following circuit that I built on LTSpice:
cirucit.png

Measuring the voltage between node 2 and ground (blue), and the voltage Vc4(t) (green) I get the following reading:
1570766890109.png

what is the undamped frequency of oscillation, damped exponent, and damped frequency of oscillation? All I really need is the undamped natural frequency because I will be able to use the formulas to find the rest. How can I find it? Is it just the frequency of the green signal? Vc4(t)?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Anachronist
Gold Member
82
23
The frequency of the green squiggle is the damped frequency of oscillation. You'd have to use your equation to solve for the undamped frequency.
 
  • Like
Likes Boltzman Oscillation
  • #3
The frequency of the green squiggle is the damped frequency of oscillation. You'd have to use your equation to solve for the undamped frequency.
Ah I guessed as much. In a critically damped scenario i get the following reading:
1570777882082.png

this time the blue line is my capacitor voltage. I am asked for the undamped frequency, is this just the frequency of the rising portion of the signal?
 
  • #4
cnh1995
Homework Helper
Gold Member
3,442
1,147
I am asked for the undamped frequency, is this just the frequency of the rising portion of the signal?
It is the natural frequency of the circuit i.e. the frequency with which the output would oscillate had there been no damping element(s).
 
  • #5
It is the natural frequency of the circuit i.e. the frequency with which the output would oscillate had there been no damping element(s).
Ah so without the resistors.
 
  • #6
cnh1995
Homework Helper
Gold Member
3,442
1,147
Ah so without the resistors.
Yes, but you can't find it by removing the resistors in the original circuit. The natural frequency term appears automatically in the transfer function.
 
  • #7
Anachronist
Gold Member
82
23

Related Threads on Measuring the damping frequency from an oscilloscope reading

  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
842
Replies
2
Views
2K
Replies
2
Views
554
Replies
5
Views
1K
Replies
6
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
3K
Replies
2
Views
1K
Replies
8
Views
807
Replies
5
Views
47K
Top