1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Mech#3 on 1974 AP "C" Exam -- 2 Blocks Connected by a Spring

  1. Jan 6, 2017 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A system of two blocks (each of mass M) are connected by a spring with spring constant k. The system is shoved to the left against a wall and the spring is compressed a distance D. The block(s) are then released. Determine the period of oscillation for the system when the left-hand block is no longer in contact with the wall.

    2. Relevant equations
    T=2π√m/k

    3. The attempt at a solution
    So my inclination is to say that T=2π√M/k since I assumed we could consider the oscillation of one individual block to be the same as the other. However, I have the solutions provided by the College Board and they indicate that the mass should be 1/2M resulting in T=2π√M/2k. Can someone explain why the mass is halved?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 6, 2017 #2

    TSny

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Hello. Welcome to PF!

    What can you say about the motion of the center of mass of the system?

    Yes, that's true if you are considering the motion of each mass relative to the center of mass. Except, as one mass moves to the right relative to the CM, then which direction does the other mass move relative to the CM?

    If one of the masses changes its distance from the CM by Δx, how much does the spring stretch?
     
    Last edited: Jan 6, 2017
  4. Jan 6, 2017 #3
    OK, so I get that there are multiple reference perspectives but I'm still unclear as to why that affects T since x is not part of the period equation. I understand that x is involved in finding k but since k is given...If I consider on block to be stationary and the other oscillating with respect to the stationary block I still would have a mass of M oscillating.
    I hope I'm not being stupid here but I'm still perplexed. Further assistance?
     
  5. Jan 6, 2017 #4

    TSny

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    You don't want to go the reference frame of one of the blocks since the blocks are accelerating and you would have a noninertial reference frame.

    However, once the system loses contact with the wall, the CM reference frame is an inertial frame. So, you can analyze the motion of one of the masses in the CM frame. Does Hooke's law apply to each mass? Keep in mind that if the mass on the right moves Δx to the right, then the mass on the left must move -Δx (to the left). So, how much force acts on the mass on the right when it is displaced Δx from its equilibrium position?
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?
Draft saved Draft deleted



Similar Discussions: Mech#3 on 1974 AP "C" Exam -- 2 Blocks Connected by a Spring
Loading...